I 语言知识及应用 (共两节，满分45分)
第一节 完形填空 (共20小题；每小题2分，满分30分) 【河北省沧州市2018届高三教学质量监测】阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C和D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
I always knew my father was good at basketball. Growing up. I spent many___1___with my father on outdoor basketball courts,___2___night hid the ball from our eyes.
Despite my father's patient___3___,basketball never catches my imagination.___4___,volleyball and reading did,and I have records of my own___5___.Some are statistics;some photographs.My mother took a photo when I was so___6___after a tournament that I fell asleep on a plate of spaghetti.Another is a memory of my dad___7___me from a hook and saying.“Dinnertime.”When I said,"Already?"he laughed so___8___that tears rolled down his cheeks.I had been___9___for eight hours.
This is how everything is done,I have realized,while watching my clad nail thousands of jump shots.If you want to be___10___in your field,you put in the time.You___11___and sweat when most other people don't.
Now,as an English___12___,I know more about how people___13___.During the semester.I always let my students write for one hour.Most days I witness the change from distraction to___14___as joy occupies their minds.I___15___specific accomplishments—the ones to which they___16___many hours.I told the student surprised by winning the local library's fiction
contest,"Your hard work___17___."
Pride in achievement.Joy in effort.My father___18___them on the basketball court and then taught them tome.So I believe in___19___and hard work.And I believe in the___20___pursuit（追求）of excellence.
1. A. mornings B. evenings C. weeks D. years
2. A. until B. when C. before D. after
3. A. request B. effort C. encouragement D. comfort
4. A. Otherwise B. Therefore C. Moreover D. However
5. A. embarrassment B. growth C. achievements D. sports
6. A. excited B. discouraged C. satisfied D. tired
7. A. shaking B. preventing C. saving D. protecting
8. A. freely B. loudly C. hard D. long
9. A. sleeping B. reading C. playing D. writing
10. A. enthusiastic B. responsible C. outstanding D. talented
11. A. struggle B. suffer C. survive D. shrink
12. A. beginner B. lover C. prof
【例】 Never in my wildest dreams_____these people are living in such poor conditions.
A.I could imagine B.could I imagine
C.I couldn't imagine D.couldn't I imagine
【例】I've tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means________with my progress.
A. the teacher is not satisfied B.is the teacher not satisfied
C. the teacher is satisfied D. is the teacher satisfied
【解析】当by no means, in no case, on no condition等表示否定意义的介词短语置于句首时，其后要用倒装语序。
【例】(1) —— My room gets very cold at night.
A. So is mine B.So mine is C.So does mine D.So mine does
【解析】so does mine在此的意思是“我的房间也一样”。表示“……也一样”时，so的后面要用倒装语序，故可排除选项B和D。又因为前面一句的谓语动词为实义动词(gets)，所以后面一句要用助动词does，不能用is。所以答案选C。
【例】(2) If Joe's wife won't go to the party,____.
A. he will either B.neither will he C.he neither will D.either he will
【例】So difficult____it to wort the problem that I decided to ask Tom for advice.
A.I did find B.didI find C.I have found D.have I found
【例】 Only then_______ how much damage had been caused.
1.（2017•江苏卷）. _______ it not for the support of the teachers, the student could not overcome her difficulty.
2.（2017•天津卷）11. It was when I got back to my apartment ______ I first came across my new neighbors.
3．(2016•天津高考)Then ________ (come)the final awards ceremony at the end of the year.
4．(2016•天津高考)Here I learned my first important lesson: ________(disable)as I was in language, I could still be smart and well express myself with clay.
5．(2016•浙江高考)It is likely that babies are not born knowing the basic fact of the universe; ________ are they ever clearly taught it.
6．(2016•江苏高考)Not until recently ________they encourage the development of tourist－related activities in the rural areas.
7．(2016•北京高考)If that happened，Seppala might fall into the icy water below.He would die，and so ________ the sick children of Nome.
8．(2016•全国Ⅰ)Only after a year of friendly discussion ________ Ms Gaf finally say yes.
9．(2016•全国Ⅰ)In this box________some stem cells that are urgently needed for a patient.
10．(2016•天津高考)You are waiting at a wrong place.It is at the hotel ________ the coach picp tourists.
11．(2016•浙江高考)It was not until I became involved in student government ________ I gained the confidence to handle projects that I created with the help of ASUCR Office of the President.
12．(2016•北京高考) However，when something ________interest me，I could become absorbed.
13．(2016•全国Ⅰ)Anyone who ________ ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank.Addams helped the poor and worked for peace.
14．(2016•全国Ⅰ)Other cultures may use silence in other ways，particularly when ________ (deal) with conflicts among people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power.
15．(2016•浙江高考)—The movie starts at 8：30，and we can have a quick bite before we go.
—__________(sound)great.See you at 8：10.