2018年高考英语一轮复习语法专题情态动词和虚拟语气讲练测试卷(2)(3份)

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2018年高考英语一轮复习语法专题情态动词和虚拟语气(2)(讲练测)(含解析)(打包3套)新人教版必修5
2018年高考英语一轮复习语法专题情态动词和虚拟语气2测含解析新人教版必修5201712121112.doc
2018年高考英语一轮复习语法专题情态动词和虚拟语气2讲含解析新人教版必修5201712121113.doc
2018年高考英语一轮复习语法专题情态动词和虚拟语气2练含解析新人教版必修5201712121114.doc
  情态动词和虚拟语气检测卷(2)
  (时间50分钟;满分100分)
  班级_________________姓名_____________考号_________________得分_______________________
  I 语言知识及应用 (共两节,满分45分)
  第一节 完形填空 (共20小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 【浙江省湖州、衢州、丽水三市2017届高三9月教学质量检测】阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  I ask my grandpa what it feels like to grow old. He ___1___ this question while we sit in his office overlooking the yard, where an empty bird feeder swings ___2___ from a tree branch. The yard has gone into a state of ___3___ in recent years. Grandpa no longer possesses the energy to maintain its ___4___ splendid glory.
  After taking a sip of his black tea, he asks me a question. “Have you ever been in a hot ___5___ when the water ran cold?” I tell him I have. “That’s what ___6___ feels like,” he says. “At first the water is too warm, but you ___7___ the heat and begin enjoying it. When you’re young, you think it’s going to be this way ___8___. But one day you realize the ___9___ begins to drop. You gradually feel the warmth leaving your body. The water is still pleasant, but you know it’ll soon become cold and there’s nothing you can do,” he ___10___. “I knew a few people who decided to ___11___ the shower. I was able to stay in because I ___12___ myself recalling the showers of my youth. It’s too late now, and no matter how hard I try, I’ll never get the hot water ___13___ again.”
  This is how my grandpa felt about growing old, but he has lived a good life to have ___14___ the birth of his children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.
  After dinner, I fetch a bag of birdseed, tat to the ___15___ and pour the seed into the feeder. I go inside,___16___ to tell Grandpa about what I’ve done, only to find he is sleeping. I thint waking him up ___17___ decide not to disturb his sleep, a sleep which will soon ___18___ forever. I hope he is ___19___ the dreams of his youth, remembering the ___20___ of days gone by, the days before the water ran cold.
  1. A. reads    B. considers   C. admits    D. asks
  2. A. wildly    B. lifelessly    C. helplessly    D. slowly
  3. A. decline    B. peace    C. boom    D. repair
  4. A. ever    B. lately    C. once    D. only
  5. A. stove    B. shower    C. temper    D. day
  6. A. growing    B. sleeping    C. aging    D. living
  7. A. get used to    B. get addicted to    C. get tired of    D. get 情态动词和虚拟语气(2)
  解题指导:
  情态动词的用法复杂多变,在高考试题中占的比重一直比较稳定,每年总有一至两个题,可以单独考查,也可以结合虚拟语气考查。命题者常常利用语境和句子之间意义上的细微差别来考查考生对情态动词的理解和掌握,难度也保持较为稳定的趋势。其考点主要包括:
  1、考查情态动词的基本用法。如:: can和could的用法及区别;will和would的用法及区别;must的用法;shall用于不同人称时的用法和should的各种用法;need的用法等。
  2、考查情态动词的“推测”功能。如:can,could,may,might,must 皆可表示推测,使用时要注意以下几点:(1)注意语气。语气较强用must, cannot,couldn’t;语气较弱may,might或can,could;(2)注意句式。在肯定句中,一般用may,might,must;在否定句,疑问句中常用can,could;(3)注意时态。表示对现在或将来的情况的推测,此时通常用“情态动词+ 动词原形”结构;表示对现在或将来正在进行的情况进行推测,通常用“情态动词+进行体”结构;表示对过去情况的推测,通常用“情态动词+完成体”结构。
  3、考查情态动词的特殊用法。如:
  (1)cannot /can't 与too/over(‐)/enough /perfectly /sufficiently 等词连用,意为“越…越…”“无论怎样… …也不为过”、“决不会… …够(过)”。
  (2)cannot wait to do sth意为“急于做某事”,。
  (3)would  和used to的区别;can 和be able to的区别。
  (4)“may / might well+动词原形”意为“理应,有足够的理由”;“may/ might as well+动词原形”意为“还不如,不妨,还是…的好”。
  (5)must表示偏执型,意为“偏要”;“硬要”;can用在肯定句,可以表示客观上的“可能性”;shall用在法律、条约、协定等文件中可以表示义务、规定等;should表示估计或推测上的“应该”,译为“可能,该,估计,按理应当”;will 可以表示习惯和倾向性,意为“惯于, 老是, 终归是”等。
  4、考查虚拟语气在各种从句以及隐含、混合等句中的运用。如:wish,as if/though,if only,would rather,otherwise, without等。
  5、考查虚拟语气在条件状语从句中的倒装现象。
  2018年高考将重点考查情态动词表“推测和可能性、必要性、请求、允许、允诺”,非真实条件虚拟语气和名词性从句的虚拟语气的运用。
  【考点分类例析】
  高频考点一:名词性从句中的虚拟语气
  【浙江省瑞安中学高三上学期期中考试】The doctor recommended that you ____________ swim after eating a large meal.
  A. wouldn’t B. couldn’t C. needn’t D. 情态动词和虚拟语气(2)
  语法知识精练
  I.单句填空
  1.—Sorry, Mum! I failed the job interview again.
  —Oh, it’s too bad.You ________ have made full preparations.
  2.I ________have worried before I came to the new school, for my classmates here are very friendly to me.
  3.I’ve ordered some pizza,so we  ________ worry about cooking when we get home tired.
  4.It was sad to me that they,so poor themselves,________ bring me food.
  5.Life is unpredictable;even the poorest ________ become the richest.
  6.If Mr.Dewey ________(be) present,he would have offered any possible assistance to the people there.
  7.We would rather our daughter ________(stay) at home with us,but it is her choice,and she is not a child any longer.
  8.They were abroad during the months when we were carrying out the investigation,or they ________(come) to our help.
  9.We ________(be)  back in the hotel now if you didn’t lose the map.
  10.Had he________(catch)  the morning train,he would not have been late for the meeting.
  4.should [句意:让我难过的是,他们自己那么贫穷,竟然还给我带来食物。本题考查情态动词。情态动词should可以表示说话人惊讶的语气,意为“竟然”。]
  5.might [句意:生活是不可预测的;即使是最穷的人也有可能成为最富有的人。在这里表

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