附录四 不规则动词表 .pptx
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记叙文 完形填空着重考查考生对语意、语境、语篇的深层次理解,并在掌握文章主旨大意的基础上,正确理解句与句、段与段之间的内在联系。考查的另一个重点是词汇意义及用法,着重对动词、名词、形容词、副词和连词的考查,考查核心词汇的词义辨析,即要求考生通读短文,掌握文章大意,综合运用所学的词汇、语法等知识,从试题所提供的词汇、短语中判断出使短文意思通顺、结构完整的词汇或短语。因此,完形填空需要考生不仅具备扎实的语言基础知识功底,而且要有很强的语篇分析和理解能力。 1 0 1 1 1 4 ★★★
议文 0 1 0 0 0 1 ★★
议论文 0 0 0 0 0 0 ★
For a long time Gabriel didnt want to be involved in music at all. In his first years of high school, Gabriel would look pityingly at the music students, 1 across the campus with their heavy instrument cases, 2 at school for practice hours 3 anyone else had to be there. He swore to himself to 4 music, as he hated getting to school extra early.
5 , one day, in the music class that was 6 of his schools standard curriculum, he was playing idly(随意地) on the piano and found it 7 to pict tunes. With a sinking feeling, he realized that he actually 8 doing it. He tried to hide his 9 pleasure from the music teacher, who had 10 over to listen. He might not have done this particularly well, 11 the teacher told Gabriel that he had a good 12 and suggested that Gabriel go into the music store-room to see if any of the instruments there 13 him. There he decided to give the cello(大提琴) a 14 . When he began practicing, he took it very 15 . But he quicnd that he loved playing this instrument, and was 16 to practicing it so that within a couple of months he was playing reasonably well.
This 17 , of course, that he arrived at school early in the morning, 18 his heavy instrument case across the campus to the 19 looks of the non-musicians he had left 20 .
1.A.travelling B.marching C.pacing D.struggling
2.A.rising up B.coming up C.driving up D.turning up
3.A.before B.after C.until D.since
4.A.betray B.accept C.avoid D.appreciate
5.A.Therefore B.However C.Thus D.Moreover
6.A.part B.nature C.basis D.spirit
7.A.complicated B.safe C.confusing D.easy
8.A.missed B.disliked C.enjoyed D.denied
9.A.transparent B.obvious C.false D.similar
10.A.run B.jogged C.jumped D.wandered
11.A.because B.but C.though D.so
12.A.ear B.taste C.heart D.voice
13.A.occurred to B.took to
C.appealed to D.held to
14.A.change B.chance C.mission D.function
15.A.seriously B.proudly C.casually D.naturally
16.A.committed B.used C.limited D.admitted
17.A.proved B.showed C.stressed D.meant
18.A.pushing B.dragging C.lifting D.rushing
19.A.admiring B.pitying C.annoying D.teasing
20.A.over B.aside C.behind D.out
考点 内容 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 合计 预测热度
推理判断 此题型要求考生能根据全文所提供的事实及自己的一些常识,进行合理的逻辑推测,判断作者的意图,人物的动机、目的以及性格的特征,事件发生的前因后果等;能理解某句、某段的意义,并能把握全篇的文脉,即句与句、段与段之间的关系,并能据此进行推理和判断。 9 6 10 9 7 41 ★★★
Red-backed fairy wrens(鹪鹩),which live in northern and eastern Australia, lay three or four eggs at a time.
Before birth, babies can tell the difference between loud sounds and voices. They can even distinguish their mothers voice from that of a female stranger. But When it comes to embryonic learning(胎教), birds could rule the roost. As recently reported in The Auk:Ornithological Advances, some mother birds may teach their young to sing even before they hatch(孵化). New-born chicks can then imitate their moms call within a few days of entering the world.
This educational method was first observed in 2012 by Sonia Kleindorfer, a biologist at Flinders University in South Australia, and her colleagues. Female Australian superb fairy wrens were found to repeat one sound over and over again while hatching their eggs. When the eggs were hatched,the baby birds made the similar chirp to their mothers—a sound that served as their regular“feed me!”call.
To find out if the special quality was more widespread in birds, the researchers sought the red-backed fairy wren, another species of Australian songbird. First they collected sound data from 67 nests in four sites in Queensland before and after hatching. Then they identified begging calls by analyzing the order and number of notes. A computer analysis blindly compared calls produced by mothers and chicks, ranking them by similarity.
It turns out that baby red-backed fairy wrens also emerge chirping like their moms. And the more frequently mothers had called to their eggs, the more similar were the babies begging calls. In addition, the team set up a separate experiment that suggested that the baby birds that most closely imitated their moms voice were rewarded with the most food.
This observation hints that effective embryonic learning could signal neurological(神经系统的)strengths of children to parents. An evolutionary inference can then be drawn.“As a parent, do you invest in quality children, or do you invest in children that are in need?”Kleindorfer asr results suggest that they might be going for quality.”
1.The underlined phrase in Paragraph 1 means“ ”.
A.be the worst B.be the best
C.be just as bad D.be just as good
2.What are Kleindorfers findings based on?
A.Similarities between the calls of moms and chicks.
B.The observation of fairy wrens across Australia.
C.The data collected from Queenslands locals.
D.Controlled experiments on wrens and other birds.
3.Embryonic learning helps mother birds to identify the baby birds which .
A.can receive quality signals B.are in need of training
C.fit the environment better D.make the loudest call
A new commodity brings about a highly profitable, fast-growing industry, urging antitrust(反垄断)regulators to step in to check those who control its flow. A century ago, the resource in question was oil. Now similar concerns are being raised by the giants(巨头)that deal in data, the oil of the digital age. The most valuable firms are Google, Amazon, Facebook and Microsoft. All look unstoppable.
Such situations have led to calls for the tech giants to be brop. But size alone is not a crime. The giants success has benefited consumers. Few want to live without search engines or a quick delivery. Far from charging consumers high prices, many of these services are free(users pay,in effect, by handing over yet more data). And the appearance of new-born giants suggests that newcomers can make waves, too.
But there is cause for concern. The internet has made data abundant, all-present and far more valuable, changing the nature of data and competition. Google initially used the data collected from users to target advertising better. But recently it has discovered that data can be turned into new services:translation and visual recognition, to be sold to other companies. Internet companies control of data gives them enormous power. So they have a“Gods eye view”of activities in their own markets and beyond.
This nature of data makes the antitrust measures of the past less useful. Breap firms like Google into five small ones would not stop remaking themselves:in time, one of them would become great again. A rethink is required—and as a new approach starts to become apparent, two ideas stand out.
The first is that antitrust authorities need to move from the industrial age into the 21st century. When considering a merger(兼并), for example, they have traditionally used size to determine when to step in. They now need to take into account the extent of firms data assets(资产)when assessing the impact of deals. The purchase price could also be a signal that an established company is buying a new-born threat. When this takes place, especially when a new-born company has no revenue to speak of, the regulators should raise red flags.
The second principle is to loosen the control that providers of on-line services have over data and give more to those who supply them. Companies could be forced to reveal to consumers what information they hold and how much money they make from it. Governments could order the sharing of certain kinds of data, with users consent.
Restarting antitrust for the information age will not be easy. But if governments dont want a data economy controlled by a few giants, they must act soon.
1.Why is there a call to break up giants?
A.They have controlled the data market.
B.They collect enormous private data.
C.They no longer provide free services.
D.They dismissed some new-born giants.
2.What does the technological innovation in Paragraph 3 indicate?
A.Data giants technology is very expensive.
B.Googles idea is popular among data firms.
C.Data can strengthen giants controlling position.
D.Data can be turned into new services or products.
3.By paying attention to firms data assets, antitrust regulators could .
A.kill a new threat B.avoid the size trap
考点 内容 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 合计 预测热度
主旨大意 此题型考查考生在理解全文后归纳文章或段落要点,概括中心思想的能力。考生需要分析文章的篇章结构,抓住文章开头的主题句或文章最后的结论句,从而找出能概括文章主旨的题目和中心思想。 0 3 2 1 1 7 ★★
The Intelligent Transport team at Newcastle University have turned an electric car into a mobile laboratory named “DriveLAB” in order to understand the challenges faced by older drivers and to discover where the key stress points are.
Research shows that giving up driving is one of the key reasons for a fall in health and well-being among older people, leading to them becoming more isolated(隔绝) and inactive.
Led by Professor Phil Blythe, the Newcastle team are developing in-vehicle technologies for older drivers which they hope could help them to continue driving into later life.
These include custom-made navigation(导航) tools, night vision systems and intelligent speed adaptations. Phil Blythe explains:“For many older people, particularly those living alone or in the country, driving is important for preserving their independence, giving them the freedom to get out and about without having to rely on others.”
“But we all have to accept that as we get older our reactions slow down and this often results in people avoiding any potentially challenging driving conditions and losing confidence in their driving skills. The result is that people stop driving before they really need to.”
Dr Amy Guo, the leading researcher on the older driver study, explains: “The DriveLAB is helping us to understand what the key stress points and difficulties are for older drivers and how we might use technology to address these problems.”
“For example, most of us would expect older drivers always go slower than everyone else but surprisingly, we found that in 30mph zones they struggled to keep at a constant speed and so were more likely to break the speed limit and be at risk of getting fined. Were looking at the benefits of systems which control their speed as a way of preventing that.”
“We hope that our work will help with technological solutions(解决方案) to ensure that older drivers stay safer behind the wheel.”
1.What is the purpose of the DriveLAB?
A.To explore new means of transport.
B.To design new types of cars.
C.To find out older drivers problems.
D.To teach people traffic rules.
2.Why is driving important for older people according to Phil Blythe?
A.It keeps them independent.
B.It helps them save time.
C.It builds up their strength.
D.It cures their mental illnesses.
3.What do researchers hope to do for older drivers?
A.Improve their driving skills.
B.Develop driver-assist technologies.
C.Provide tips on repairing their cars.
D.Organize regular physical checkups.
4.What is the best title for the text?
A.A New Model Electric Car
B.A Solution to Traffic Problems
C.Driving Services for Elders
D.Keeping Older Drivers on the Road
Terrafugia Inc. said Monday that its new flying car has completed its first flight, bringing the company closer to its goal of selling the flying car within the next year. The vehicle—named the Transition—has two seats, four wheels and wings that fold up so it can be driven like a car. The Transition, which flew at 1,400 feet for eight minutes last month, can reach around 70 miles per hour on the road and 115 in the air. It flies using a 23-gallon tank of gas and burns 5 gallons per hour in the air. On the ground, it gets 35 miles per gallon.
Around 100 people have already put down a $10,000 deposit to get a Transition when they go on sale, and those numbers will likely rise after Terrafugia introduces the Transition to the public later this week at the New Yorto Show. But dont expect it to show up in too many driveways. Its expected to cost $279,000. And it wont help if youre stuck in traffic. The car needs a runway.
Inventors have been trying to make flying cars since the 1930s, according to Robert Mann, an airline industry expert. But Mann thinks Terrafugia has come closer than anyone to making the flying car a reality. The government has already permitted the company to use special materials to make it easier for the vehicle to fly. The Transition is now going through crash tests to mare it meets federal safety standards.
Mann said Terrafugia was helped by the Federal Aviation Administrations decision five years ago to create a separate set of standards for light sport aircraft, which are lower than those for pilots of larger planes. Terrafugia says an owner would need to pass a test and complete 20 hours of flying time to be able to fly the Transition, a requirement pilots would find relatively easy to meet.
1.What is the first paragraph mainly about?
A.The basic data of the Transition.
B.The advantages of flying cars.
C.The potential market for flying cars.
D.The designers of the Transition.
2.Why is the Transition unlikely to show up in too many driveways?
A.It causes traffic jams. B.It is difficult to operate.
C.It is very expensive. D.It burns too much fuel.
3.What is the governments attitude to the development of the flying car?