Most buildings are built to stand up straight, but these look as if they might fall over!
The church tower of Suurhusen
Built in 1450, the 27-metre-high church tower lies in Suurhusen, Germany. It was built in wet land on foundations of oak tree trunks (树干) .When the land was drained(排水) later, the wood broke down, causing one side of the tower to be a little lower than the other. In 1975, the tower became a real hazard and people were not allowed to enter until the foundations were made strong again. The lean (倾斜) of the tower is now about five degrees.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa
The worilding the tower began in 1173, and was finally completed in 1372. In fact, it began to lean after just a couple of floors were built. And this condition continued in the centuries after its completion. The tower was finally closed to the public in 1990 after people failed to stabilize(使稳固) its foundations. In 2001,it was reopened after engineers removed soil from underneath its raised side. Now it leans just an angle of 3. 97 degrees.
Capital Gate of Abu Dhabi
Completed in 2011, the Capital Gate tower in Abu Dhabi was designed to lean eighteen degrees. The building stands next to the Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre and contains, among other things, a fine hotel with wonderful views of the harbour. Also known as the leaning tower of Abu Dhabi, the tower is one of the tallest buildings in the city.
Big Ben of London
The building leans 0.26 degrees to the northwest. This was mainly caused by the engineering projects(项目) that have been carried out in the ground below it since the late 1800s. The tower, which has been continuously open since it was completed in 1858, has nowhere near the lean of the Tower of Pisa and is still completely safe to enter.
1. The underlined word “hazard”in Paragraph 2 probably means?
A. danger B. church C. castle D. treasure
2. What can we learn about the Leaning Tower of Pisa?
A. It didn’t lean until ten years after its completion.
B. It took almost two hundred years to complete.
C. It was built on foundations of oak tree trunks.
D. It has been open since it was completed.
3. Which of the following towers leans the most according to the text?
A. The church tower of Suurhusen.
B. The Leaning Tower of Pisa,
C. Capital Gate of Abu Dhabi.
D. Big Ben of London.
4. What would be the best title for the text?
A. The history of towers
B. The art of building a tower
C. The leaning towers of the world
D. Top four tallest towers in Europe
Confucius (551～479BC) was a thincator, and founder of the Ru School for Chinese thought.
He was a well known leader in philosophy and he also made many wise phrases and theories about the law, life, and the government that helped many people learn about nature, the world, and human beings.
Confucius’s social philosophy largely centers around the concept of “ren”, which is “loving others”and “honoring one’s parents”. Those who have developed “ren”are “simple in manner and slow of speech”. For Confucius, such concern for others is proved through the practice of the Golden Rule: “What you do not wish for yourself, do not do to others.”
Confucius thinks a good rulership was to have “de”or “virtue”which allows one to win people’s support without using any force and keep good order in his state without troubling himself, and that a ruler should rule his people by his own example and treat them with love and concern.
A characteristic of Confucius’thought is his emphasis (强调) on education and study. “A good teacher is someone who knows well the ways of the past and the practices of the ancients”and he also thinks “He who learns but does not think is lost. He who thint does not learn is in great danger.”
Confucius did not write down the principles of his philosophy; these were handed down only through his students. Lun Yu, a book compiled(编撰)by some of his students, is considered the most dependable source of information about his life and teachings. One of the historical works that he is said to have compiled and edited, The Spring and Autumn Annals, is describing Chinese history in the state of Lu from 722 to 481 BC.
Since Confucius’s teachings and philosophy was so advanced, it was the education for China for 2,000years. It is called Confucianism.
5.Which of the following expresses Confucius’s educational idea？
A. What you do not wish for yourself, do not do to others.
B. Learning and thinking should go hand in hand.
C. “Loving others”and “honoring one’s parents”.
D. A ruler should love and care about his people.
6.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true？
A. Confucius was founder for the Ru School for Chinese thought.
B. The Spring and Autumn Annals is a historical book.
C. Confucius has great effect on Chinese society.
D. Lun Yu is a book compiled by Confucius.
7.We can infer from the passage that a teacher should be a person who .
A. is old and experienced enough
B. learns but doesn’t think
C. does things according to good old ways
D. thinks a lot but doesn’t learn.
No one can believe that the Great Wall might disappear some day. Believe it or not, the Great Wall is being destroyed by people. Less than 20 percent of the Great Wall built in the Ming Dynasty is still perfect, but about 80 percent is in danger. The Great Wall can be called “great”mostly because of its amazing length. But we should realize that the length was made up of one brick at a time. If we do nothing to save the Great Wall, it will become a series of separate wasteland rather than a historic site.