You’re in your office when you learn there’s someone with a gun wandering outside. You can hear gunshots and screams. What do you do?
That’s the challenge for users of a new virtual (虚拟)reality program called SurviVR, designed to train employees how to deal with an active shooter situation in the workplace. The program works with HTC Vive, the virtual reality headset released earlier this year.
An active shooter situation is when an armed person or people actively shoot in a small, populated area with the intention to kill. There were 20 such situations in the United States last year and 20 the year before, according to FBI statistics, resulting in a total of 231 deaths. This year saw the deadliest active shooter situation in US history, with 49 people killed in a nightclub in Orlando.
In the training situation, users have four choices. They can lock themselves in the office. They can hide, perhaps in the office closet. They can run for an exit. Or they can use something in the office—a computer or a cup a pair of scissors-as a weapon to fight the shooter. This is an improvement on standard active shooter training. Gallo says, which typically teachers people to lock themselves in place and hide. The ＂lock down＂ method is often ineffective, he says, and has resulted in many deaths in recent years.
In the training’s basic level, no one gets killed. But as the trainings become more advanced, players who make a wrong choice be shot. There’s no blood; the screen simply turns black slowly.
If this sounds terrifying, that’s the point, says Gallo. There are plenty of training programs to teach employees how to deal with workplace violence, sometimes involving role play with toy guns. But these trainings are basically games. Gallo says, with employees relaxed and even enjoying themselves. To teach people what they really need to know for an active shooter situation, they need to be scared.
＂SurviVR will take the fear and turn it into confidence.＂ Gallo says.
1. What’s the author’s purpose of describing a dangerous scene in Para. 1?
A. To attract the readers’ attention on the new virtual reality program.
B. To show the challenge that the readers are required to face.
C. To warn the readers of the possible dangers in the working place.
D. To inform the readers of the correct response in such a situation
2. What is the suggested response in the standard active shooter training?
A. Fighting the shooter
B. Running for the exit
C. Using a computer as a weapon
D. Locking down
3. What does Gallo think of the training programs involving role play with toy guns?
A. Searing B. Violent
C. Ineffective D. Helpful
4. What would be the best title?
A. A New Virtual Reality Program on Active Shooter Training
B. What Should You Do When Meeting Gunshots in the Workplace?
C. How to Deal with an Active Shooter Situation?
D. Employees Need to Be Scared of the Workplace Violence.
Gregory Talley used to sleep in a parnder a bridge. The 50-year-old has been homeless for more than 10 years.
"It is hard. It's hard to live homeless. You filled every day trying to find out where you are going to get something to eat. If I hadn't found wonderful Fairfax County Kennedy Shelter, I wouldn't know where I would be by now. I might be dead," Talley said.
The Kennedy Shelter is one of the facilities New Hope Housing provides for homeless people.
Pam Michell has devoted her life to making the lives of this vulnerable (易受伤的)population better as executive director of the non-profit organization.
"I went to Africa in 1985. And I saw a huge amount of poverty, but I saw so much hope. And I decided that I should try to do something that would bring hope to people," Michell said.
When Michell began working with New Hope Housing 25 years ago, its three shelters had about 80 beds. Now, it has 350 beds and serves about 1,500 homeless people every year. She has expanded the program beyond just providing beds for the night.
"We do outreach(拓展), we do prevention, we do permanent housing, we do transitional housing. We have an education program with all sorts of different things to move people to end their homelessness," she said,"Our Out of Poverty program is not just about money. It's about you could be spiritually poor, you could be relationship poor ... you could be educationally poor. So it is focusing on how you get out of this poverty that has brought you to being homeless." The program tries to teach the shelter residents self-reliance (自立) and wores, and includes courses on planning and personal responsibility.
"l learned I still have opportunities to change it and I can change it," said shelter resident Lewis Webster. "It is just about going forth in doing necessary work to do it. I mean if you really want better, you would do better and that's the frame of mind of me now."
1. Gregory Talley’s story is told at the beginning of the text to _________ .
A.tell readers the situation for the poor in the US is getting worse
B.introduce a non-profit organization that is trying to help the poor in the US
C.disclose the truth that more and more homeless people are dying from hunger
D.remind readers that the homeless people in the US have no trouble getting food
2. According to Paragraph 6. Pam Michell started to bring hope to the homeless by ________ .
A.providing clothes for them
B.offering food for them
C.building new houses for them
D.offering them shelters for the night
3. What is the final purpose of the education program?
A.To tell the homeless people the ways to make money.
B.To help the homeless people find the causes of their poverty.
C.To encourage the homeless to work and rely on themselves.
D.To teach the poor how to live a better life in the shelters.
Winston Churchill is probably the most popular British prime minister ever. Having served as a soldier and politician, he is often considered among the greatest of Britons. While his heroic stand against the Nazis is well know, there are still a few facts about the popular politician that might surprise you.
The classic image of Winston Churchill includes a giant cigar stuck between his lips. Churchill developed his love of cigars as a young man, when he traveled to Cuba. For the rest of his life, he smoked eight or nine cigars every day. However, he almost never tooff(吸，抽), preferring to chew on the end until it went out, then relight it and start again. To prevent the cigar becoming soggy (湿软的), Churchill invented the ＂bellybando＂, a strip of brown paper which could be glued around the end.
At any given time, Churchill had 3,000 to 4,000 cigars in his house, mostly his favorite Romeo & Juliet brand. On one occasion, the president of Cuba presented Churchill with 2,400 top-quality cigars, although his security team insisted one cigar from each box be sent off and tested for poison. Perhaps the story that best shows his love of cigars occurred during World War II, when he had a special oxygen mask designed so that he could still smoke his cigar on a high-altitude flight.
His Black Dog
Throughout his life, Churchill probably suffered from depression, which he called his ＂black dog＂. At times, his depression was so severe that he didn’t like standing close to a passing train or looking at the ocean from a ship because he feared that he would commit suicide.
When he was depressed, Churchill would almost spend a great deal of time in bed and lose his ability to concentrate. However, when not depressed, Churchill was full of energy, usually working and talntil the early hours of the morning. He often described how ＂all the colors come back into the picture＂.
1. Why did Churchill’s security team insist on checking the cigars?
A. To test if they were safe for Churchill.
B. To see if they were of the best quality.
C. To mare they were Churchill’s favorite.
D. To guarantee they were not out of date.
2. Which of the following best shows Churchill’s love of cigars?
A. He fell in love with cigars at a young age.
B. He smoked many cigars every day.
C. He invented the ＂bellybando＂.
D. He had an oxygen mask specially designed for smoking.
3. What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph mean?
A. Churchill became energetic again.
B. Churchill remained depressed.
C. Churchill drew colorful pictures.
D. Churchill liked to talt colors.
4. What is probably the best title of the passage?
A. Achievements of Churchill