Fidel Castro was born at his father’s farm on August 13, 1926. His father, Angel Castro, was a migrant to Cuba from Galicia, Northwest Spain. He had become financially successful by growing sugarcane at Las Manacas farm in Biran, Oriente Province.
Aged six, Castro was sent to live with his teacher in Santiago be Cuba, before being baptized(洗礼)into the Roman Catholic Church at the age of eight. Being baptized enabled Castro to attend the la Salle boarding school in Santiago, where he regularly misbehaved, so he was sent to the privately funded Dolores School in Santiago. In 1945 he transferred to a more famous school, De Belen in Havana. Although Castro took an interest in history, geography and debating at Belen, he did not excel academically, instead devoting much of his time to playing sport.
In 1945, Castro began studying law at the University of Havana, where he became involved in student activism, and the violent gangsterism culture within the university. Passionate about anti-imperialism and opposing U.S. interference in the Caribbean, he unsuccessfully campaigned for the presidency of the Federation of University Students on a platform of “honesty, decency and justice”. Castro became critical of the corruption and violence of President Ramon Grau’s government, delivering a public speech on the subject in November 1946 that received coverage on the front page of several newspapers.
In 1947, Castro joined the Party of the Cuban People, founded by Eduardo Chibas. Chibas advocated social justice, honest government, and political freedom, while his party exposed corruption and demanded reform. Though Chibas lost the election, Castro remained devoted to working on his behalf. Social situation becoming worse, Castor soon received a death threat urging him to leave the university; refusing, he began carrying a gun and surrounding himself with armed friends.
1.From paragraph 2, we know that Fidel Castro _______.
A. had no interest in history
B. performed very well at school
C. spend much time playing sport
D. attended the La Salle boarding school before 8
2.What is the right order of the following events related to Fidel Castro?
a. delivered a public speech
b. entered the University of Havana
c. joined the Party of the Cuban People
d. transferred to famous school, De Belen
A. dbac B. abcd
C. dabc D. acdb
3.Fidel Castro carried a gun at university_________
A.to catch people’s attention
B.to hang out with friend for fun
C.to get involved in the political activities
D.to defend himself against the death threat
Almost no one can resist a good mystery novel or detective novel, so these novels sell thousands of copies each year. And many readers regard famous mystery author Agatha Christie as Queen of Crime, whose stories are known for their tense atmosphere and strong psychological suspense and have a great effect on the English mystery novels.
Christie was born in September 1890 in England. When she was growing up, her mother often told her stories. Christie loved these stories, which took her into a world of fantasy. Christie’s mother also encouraged her to write from a young age and also took her to travel a lot.
She married Archie Christie in 1914 at the beginning of World War Ⅰ. During the war, Christie wrote her first detective story: The Mysterious Affair at Styles. She chose the crime, and then invented a detective named Hercule Poirot, ranking second to Sherlock Holmes, to solve it. She sent the book to a publisher, but it was rejected.
After the war ended, Christie sent her book to more publishers, and finally, in 1920, one published it. She earned just $25 for it. Over the next few years, Christie wrote more books and short stories, gaining experience as a writer. In spite of her literary success, life was not going well at home. In 1928, Archie and Agatha got a divorce(离婚). A short time later, she met a young archaeologist, Max Mallowan. After getting married in 1930, they began to spend some time each year in the Middle East, which provided settings for some of Christie’s novels, such as Murder at the Vicarage(1930), Murder on the Orient Express (1934)and Death on the Nile(1939).
Christie continued writing for the rest of her life. When she died in January 1976, readers around the world mourned(哀悼)her death. But her tales of mystery continue to be loved by new generations of readers. They’ve been translated into hundreds of languages and are selling well today and outsold only by the Bible and Shakespeare in Britain.
1.As a whole, this text .
A.is a biography of Agatha Christie
B. promotes Agatha Christie’s novels
C. explains how Agatha Christie became a writer
D.is a review of Agatha Christie’s novels
2.What do we know about Hercule Poirot?
A. He was better known than Sherlock Holmes.
B. He made Christie become famous.
C. He was good at catching criminals.
D. He was the only main character in the novel.
3.From the underlined part "outsold only by the Bible and Shakespeare in Britain", we can learn that .
A. the Bible helps her works to sell in Britain
Imagine this scene: it’s blowing outside, and you snuggle (蜷伏) up on the sofa under a warm quilt, chatting and recalling with your closest friends.
That content, cosy feeling has a name in Danish —hygge. And, as Denmark recently won the title of “the happiest country in the world”, the concept of hygge is known to more and more people interested in finding ways to understand this concept.
Hygge —originally from a Norwegian word meaning well-being — doesn’t have an exact equivalent (等同物) in English. It’s often translated as coziness, or as blogger Anna West told the BBC, “coziness of the soul”. But, as professor Maren Spark explains, “Hygge was never meant to be translated. It was meant to be felt.”
Basically, hygge involves creating a warm, cosy atmosphere and enjoying it with your loved ones. Danish winters are long and dark and so achieving hygge is particularly relevant during this season. A typical Hygge activity during winter could be enjoying delicious homemade food and light-hearted conversation with friends —preferably in the warm glow of candlelight, or maybe sipping a glass of wine in the hot tub after a day spent skiing.
However, hygge isn’t only limited to the cold winter months —it can also describe that warm, fuzzy feeling you get after a walgh a forest with friends on summer’s day or a family barbecue in the park. Hygge is meant to be shared.
1.The author asks the readers to imagine the scene in the first paragraph to_________ .
A. help the readers to calm down
B. introduce the topic of the passage
C. present the main idea of the passage
D. remind the readers of their past memories
2.What do the underlined words by Maren Spark mean?
A. The translation of the word “hygge” is not good enough.
B. Only Danish speakers know what “hygge” means.
C. “Hygge” is easy to translate but hard to feel.
D. We can get the true meaning of “hygge” by feeling it.
3.Which of the following can be best described as a “hygge” activity?
A. Skiing in the cold winter months.
B. Living through long dark winters.
C. Taking afternoon tea with friends.
D. Walking alone in the forest.
4.The author writes this passage to_________.
A. explain B. persuade
C. comment D. advertise