Winter 2012 will have an extended stay on America's calendar, according to today's annual Groundhog Day(土拨鼠日) forecasting event in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania。
Each year on February 2nd, people from around the world, including 5,000 in the small town today, watch this tongue-twisting(发音饶舌的) small town for a sign from one groundhog that supposedly predicts when that year's spring will arrive:
If it's a cloudy day outside when the groundhog emerges from its cave, then spring will arrive early that year. However, if it is sunny outside, the groundhog will supposedly be scared by its own shadow, retreating underground for six more weeks of cold weather。
Of course, Punxsutawney Phil's prediction is no more able to guarantee the extended forecast than your local weatherman. ABC News reports that an analysis by the National Climate Data Center found that Phil's predictions are more often wrong than right.
Phil is also found to have made some unpleasant predictions. Ever since 1887, he has predicted 99 extended winters and just 16 early springs. Nine of the year's predictions were unavailable, according to ABC。
The holiday began as a German tradition in 18th century and became even more of a cultural phenomenon after the 1993 film Groundhog Day starring Bill Murray.
Punxsutawney Phil has become a celebrity in his own right. Each year, the fatter animal with long teeth is watched by millions as he emerges from a cave in the town he is named after. Phil has become so beloved by the town that he actually lives in the local library with his "wife" Phyllis。
Taking inspiration from the hard state of Bill Murray's character in the classic film, Yahoo contributor Owen Rust says Groundhog Day is a good time to reflect on one's routines。
1. Which is the best title for this passage?
A. Groundhog Day weather forecasting. B. Winter 2012.
C. A tongue-twisting small town. D. the National Climate Data Center.
2. The underlined word emerges means ______.
A. gets into B. appears C. increases. D. hides
3. How is Punxsutawney Phil's prediction?
A. More exact than that the local weatherman does.
B. More often than that the local weatherman does.
C. Less often than that the local weatherman does.
D. Not exact enough to match with the fact.
4. The reason why Phil's predictions aren’t pleasing is ______.
A. Phil likes to manpleasant predictions.
B. Phil wants to do that for fun.
C. He has predicted more extended winters.
D. He has predicted more late springs.
5. How does Punxsutawney Phil become a celebration?
A. By an accident. B. From people’s life improving.
C. By his own attractive force. D. From much money raised by the town.
People in several American states may be surprised to see cars in city streets without a driver. Experimental driverless vehicles now are legal in Florida, Nevada and California. They are pointing the way to a future that is not far down the road. The high-tech company Google has a number of self-driving cars, Which had covered 480,000 kilometers by August. Volvo is among the companies dong road tests and says in plans to sell driverless cars by 2020.
In September, California Governor Jerry Brown signed an act to allow autonomous vehicles on the roads of his state. “Today we’re looking at science fiction becoming tomorrow′s reality—the driverless car.” The systems been improved through competitions sponsored by the U. S. government agency DARPA. Engineer Richard Mason of the Rand Corporation helped design driverless vehicles for DARPA challenge races.
Cars have become much more fuel-efficient, and new electronic features are making Hondas safer, said Angie Nucci of Honda America. “A camera on the passenger-side mirror actually engaged on your guiding screen so you can safely change lanes.” Other safety features include warning systems on the front and the sides of the cars. The syatems help drivers, but don′t replace them. Curatou Leslie Kendall of the Petersen Automotive Museum said autonomous cars will make the high ways safer.
“By tat drivers, you also remove most risks of an accident,” Kendall said, you also remove most risks of an accident,” Kendall said. He said consumers, however, may be unwilling to lose control. “It may take them time to come to realize that the technology is indeed reliable, but it will have to prove itself first”,
Mason said the technology already works and the biggest challenge now is getting down the cost for driverless vehicles from hundreds of thousands of dollars to something more affordable. He said this will happen as the technology is improved.
1. What can we learn from Paragraph 1?
A. Driverless vehicles are now legal in the whole USA.
B. Volvo will be the first to sell driverless cars.
C. Google′s self-driving cars have covered a long distance.
D. Driverless cars are pointing us a faraway future.
2. We learn that Governor of California Jerry Brown.
A. Helped design self-driving cars.
B. Supports self-driving cars on roads.
C. Considers self-driving cars science fiction.
D. Improved the self-driving car systems
3. According to Richard Mason. What is the biggest challenge for driverless cars?
A. They are now too expensive for consumers.
B. Their technical problems remain to be solved.
C. They are not allowed to run on the road.
D. They are more dangerous for people on the street.
4. What｀s the best title of the passage?
A . the benefits of the self-driving v cars
B . the biggest challenge of the self-driving cars
C. self-driving cars: science fiction future is near
D. safer of more dangerous—self-driving cars.
语篇解读 本文主要讲述了无人驾驶车正在进入我们的生活。Richard Mason 认为无人驾驶汽车最广安市2017高考英语阅读理解一轮系列训练（83）及答案（部分解析）
The word proactivity is fairly common in management literature, but you won｀t find it in the dictionary. It means that as a human being you take responsibility for your own life.
Look at the word responsibility: ability to choose your response, response-ability. Effective people are proactive because they take responsibility. Their behavior is a product of their own decisions, based on values, rather than being a product of their own conditions, based on feelings. For instance, you are planning a picnic with your family. You｀re excited. You have all the preparations, You've decided where to go, and then it becomes stormy, killing your plan. Proactive people carry weather within them. They realize what their purpose really was, and they creatively have a picnic elsewhere even if it's in their own basement with some special games, and make the best of that situation. The opposite of being proactive is to be reactive. Reactive people would say, “What's the use?””We can't do anything.” “Oh this is so upsetting after all of our preparations and arrangements.” They try to persuade the people around them and usually the picnic will be cancelled.
Being proactive is really just being true to your human nature. Your basic nature is to act, and not to be acted upon. That's true, despite widely accepted theories of determinism used to explain human nature. Determinism says that you don't really choose anything and that what you call choices are nothing more than automatic responses to outside conditions.
The language of reactive people is lie:”I can't .” “Don't have time.”” I have to .” I must.” The whole spirit of that language is the transfer of responsibility. They think things are determined by their environment, or by their conditions, or by their conditioning or their genetic makeup. Psychologically, people who believe they are determined will produce the evidence to support the belief, and they increasingly feel victimized and out of control. They're not in charge of their life at all.
On the contrary, a proactive person exercises free will, the freedom to choose the response that best applies to his values. In that way, he gains control over the circumstances, rather than being controlled by them.
1. According to the passage, a proactive person's behavior can result from .
A. The environment B. an inner belief
C. the genetic makeup D. a temporary feeling
2. When a picnic plan is threatened by a sudden storm, reactive people will probably .
A. have the picnic as planned
B. make the best of the picnic
C. complain and give up the picnic
D. find somewhere else for the picnic
3. What does” carry weather within them” in the second paragraph probably mean?
A. Manage to improve the weather.
B. Give in to the weather passively.
C. Stress the influence of the weather.
D. Find a solution to the weather problems.
4. It can be concluded from the passage that determinists(宿命论者) .
A. accept things passively