2018年高考英语一轮复习《Global warming》试题(5份)

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  Unit 4 Global warming
  第一部分 听力(满分30分)(略)
  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
  第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
  Even though you can watch a movie on your TV, laptop or iPad these days, great theatres still make going to the movies worth buying a ticket-and sometimes even worth a trip.
  1.AMC Loews Uptown, Washington, D.C.
  Local movie critics will tell you "The Uptown" is the best place to see a movie in the Washington, D.C. area. Opened in 1936, it’s not a movie theatre, but a movie palace featuring a single screen—a curved (弧形的), 70-foot long and 40-foot high screen, one of the largest in the area.
  2.ArcLight Cinemas Hollywood, Los Angeles
  This Hollywood theatre isn’t just a place to see stars on screen you might catch a few sitting next to you in the audience. The theatre offers 14 screens with reserved stadium seating (the seats are wider than average), and the famous Cinerama Dome (全景电影).
  3.Tampa Theatre, Tampa, Florida
  A classic movie palace designed by famed theatre architect John Eberson, the Tampa landmarilt in 1926. The theatre now shows both new and classic films. Come early to hear the Mighty Wurlitzer theatre organ played before most films.
  4.Grauman’s Chinese Theatre, Los Angeles
  It’s not just a movie theatre. It’s a Hollywood experience. Opened in 1927, the theatre was known in its early days for lavish (奢华的) Hollywood premieres (首映) and hosting three Academy Award ceremonies. Chect the nearby Hollywood Walk of Fame before watching a movie on the big screen, and when your movie is over, stop by the next-door Kodak Theatre, where the Oscars were once held.
  1.What do ArcLight Cinemas Hollywood and Grauman’s Chinese Theatre have in common?
  A. They both hosted the Oscars. B. They were built in the same year.
  C. They offer presents to customers. D. They are situated in the same city.
  2.What can we learn about Tampa Theatre?
  A. It was opened in 1936. B. It has a single curved screen.
  C. It has an outdoor courtyard. D. It offers Mighty Wurlitzer play.
  3.What is the text mainly about?
  A. Famous buildings in the USA.   
  B. Four largest theatres in the world.
  C. Four theatres worth visiting in America.
  D. Modern theatres with advanced facilities.
  Want to help fight global warming? Take off your tie, says the Ital
  Unit 4 Global warming
  1. consume  vt. 消费;消耗;耗尽;吃完
  ☞ The factories consume a large amount of coal. 这些工厂消耗了大量的煤。
  ☞ We should consume most of our time in reading. 我们应该把大部分时间花在读书上。
  ☞ The kids soon consumed all the food on the table. 孩子们一会儿功夫便把桌上的食品全部吃光了。
  be consumed with 被(某种情感)所折磨
  consumer n. 消费者
  consumption n. 消费(量);消耗(量)
  time-consuming adj. 耗时的
  ① 她把大部分时间都花在读书上了。
  ② 这辆汽车很费汽油。
  【答案】① She consumed most of her time in reading.   ② The car consumes a lot of fuel.
  2. come about 出现;发生
  ☞How did it come about that you were an hour late on such a short trip?
  ☞ How did this come about? 这是怎么发生的?
  ① come about是不及物动词短语,其后不能接宾语,也没有被动语态,主语一般为物。常指情况不受人控制地突然发生。常用句型:How did it come about that...?"某事是怎么发生的?";It come about that..."……发生了"。
  ② 与come有关的其他短语也要记住:
  come across 被理解;偶然碰见,无意中找到
  come along 跟着来;进步;赶快
  come back回来;记起                            
  come on开始;上场;赶快;得了吧
  come out (花)开;出版,发行
  come to 总计,达到
  come up 走近;(从土中)长出,发芽;被提出
  come up with 赶上;提出(建议)
  come about/happen/take place/breat/occur
  come about 多指事情已经发生了,但还不知道为什么。
  happen 强调偶然发生,主语往往是事件、事故等,其后可接不定式;常用于"It happened that..."句型中。
  take place "发生;举行",常指计划或安排好的事情的发生与进行,不含偶然性。
  breat 多指(战争、火灾、疾病、疫情等的)突然爆发
  occur 可指"发生"偶然事件或"产生"抽象事物(如思想等);常用于It occurs to sb that...结构。
  Unit 4 Global warming
  I. 阅读理解
  体裁 话题 词数 难度 建议时间
  说明文 全球变暖创造性适应方法 689 ★★★☆☆ 7分钟
  Old Problem, New Approaches
  While clean energy is increasingly used in our daily life, global warming will continue for some decades after CO2 emissions(排放) peak. So even if emissions were to begin to decrease today, we would still face the challenge of adapting to climate change. Here I will stress some smarter and more creative examples of climate adaptation.
  When it comes to adaptation, it is important to understand that climate change is a process. We are therefore not talking about adapting to a new standard, but to a constantly shifting set of conditions. This is why, in part at least, the US National Climate Assessment says that: "There is no ‘one-size fits all’ adaptation." Nevertheless, there are some actions that offer much and carry little risk or cost.
  Around the world, people are adapting in surprising ways, especially in some poor countries. Floods have become more damaging in Bangladesh in recent decades. Mohammed Rezwan saw opportunity where others saw only disaster. His not-for-profit organization runs 100 river boats that serve as floating libraries, schools, and health clinics, and are equipped with solar panels and other communicating facilities. Rezwan is creating floating connectivity(连接) to replace flooded roads and highways. But he is also working at a far more fundamental level: his staff show people how to make floating gardens and fish ponds to prevent starvation during the wet season.
  Elsewhere in Asia even more astonishing actions are being taken. Chewang Norphel lives in a mountainous region in India, where he is known as the Ice Man. The loss of glaciers(冰川) there due to global warming represents an enormous threat to agriculture. Without the glaciers, water will arrive in the rivers at times when it can damage crops. Norphel’s inspiration came from seeing the waste of water over winter, when it was not needed. He directed the wasted water into shallow basins where it froze, and was stored until the spring. His fields of ice supply perfectly timed irrigation(灌溉) water. Having created nine such ice reserves, Norphel calculates that he has stored about 200,000m3 of water. Climate change is a continuing process, so Norphel’s ice reserves will not last forever. Warming will overtake them. But he is providing a few years during which the farmers will, perhaps, be able to find other means of adapting.
  Increasing Earth’s reflectiveness can cool the planet. In southern Spain the sudden increase of greenhouses(which reflect light back to space) has changed the warming trend locally, and actually cooled the region. While Spain as a whole is heating up quickly, temperatures near the greenhouses have decreased. This example should act as an inspiration for all cities. By painting buildings white, cities may slow down the warming process.
  In Peru, local farmers around a mountain with a glacier that has already fallen victim to climate change have begun painting the entire mountain peak white in the hope that the added reflectiveness will restore the life-giving ice. The outcome is still far from clear. But the World Bank has included the project on its list of "100 ideas to save the planet".
  More ordinary forms of adaptation are happening everywhere. A friend of mine owns an area of land in western Victoria. Over five generations the land has been too wet for cropping. But during the past decade declining rainfall has allowed him to plant highly profitable crops. Farmers in many countries are also adapting like this — either by growing new produce, or by growing the same things differently. This is common sense. But some suggestions for

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