江苏省无锡市2018届高三上学期期中检测英语试题(解析版)

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共61道小题,约46950字。

  江苏省无锡市2018届高三上学期期中检测英语试题
  第I卷(选择题,共85分)
  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分20分)
  做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
  第一节(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)
  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
  1. Where does this conversation most probably take place?
  A. At school.                        B. In a department store.                C. At the Lost and Found.
  2. What does the woman suggest?
  A. Waiting at the corner.                B. Ignoring the mistake.                C. Calling the hotel.
  3. What’s the main reason for buying a jacket now?
  A. It will be cold.
  B. They will have no money left.
  C. She may not find her size later.
  4. Where will the man stay when studying abroad?
  A. In a host family.                    B. In an apartment.                    C. In a dormitory.
  5. What are the woman and the man doing?
  A. They are visiting another town.
  B. They are waiting for someone.
  C. They are talking about an accident.
  第二节(共15小题;每小題1分,满分15分)
  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有5秒钟阅读各个小题;听完后,每个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
  听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。
  6. What does the mother want David to do?
  A. To get the bottle on the top of the shelf.
  B. To get the cover off the bottle.
  C. To pick up some clothes.
  7. Why was David’s father out?
  A. Because he was working.
  B. Because he went out to tambrella.
  C. Because he went to the cleaner’s.
  听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
  8. What is the possible relationship between the man and the woman?
  A. Teacher and student.                B. Close friends.                    C. Doctor and patient.
  9. Why is it hard for the woman to reduce some weight?
  A. Because her husband is feeding her.
  B. Because she is still working.
  C. Because she has no time for physical exercise.
  10. What does Jessica’s husband think of her?
  A. She is too fat.                    B. She works too hard.                C. She could change her job.
  听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。
  11. What do people usually agree on?
  A. Rich children have more resources and advantages.
  B. Many rich children are qualified to do many jobs.
  C. Rich children are born without pressure.
  12. Why is Tony sad?
  A. People think he was born lucky.
  B. People think he is too proud.
  C. He has few advantages.
  13. What does Tony think of himself?
  A. He’s too nervous to speak before the hostess.
  B. He’s competitive and promising.
  C. He’s confident, satisfied and proud.
  听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。
  14. Why does the woman want to sell her house?
  A. She’s tired of living there.
  B. She wants to live in a quiet country.
  C. She has retired and is short of money.
  15. How much does the woman want for her house?
  A. $ 15,000.                        B. $ 50,000.                        C. $ 150,000.
  16. What does the man thint buying the house?
  A. He can’t afford the house.
  B. He must discuss with his wife.
  C. He isn’t satisfied with the house.
  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
  17. What can we learn from the text?
  A. Many young people arc out of worstralia.
  B. It’s easy for young people to find jobs in Australia.
  C. Young people don’t have to worstralia.
  18. What will happen to a person with good final examination results in Australia?
  A. He or she can find a good job more easily.
  B. He or she can’t continue with his or her education.
  C. It is difficult for him or her to find a job.
  19. Why hasn’t Brain found a job so far?
  A. There are fewer jobs in Australia.
  B. He didn’t do well at school.
  C. He asked for too much money.
  20. How do Brain’s parents feel now?
  A. Happy.                        B. Worried.                        C. Frightened.
  第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)
  第一节 单项填空(共15小题:每小题1分,满分15分)
  请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  1. With natural resources becoming fewer and fewer, how to mase of        energy, such as sunlight and wind, has become our top priority.
  A. primary    B. alternative
  C. instant    D. unique
  【答案】B
  【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。A. primary首要的,主要的,最早的;B. alternative替代的,备选的;C. instant立刻的,瞬间的;D. unique独特的,独一无二的。意:随着自然资源的减少,如何日利用可替代资源,你如阳光和风,已经成为我们优先考虑的事。根据句意可知选B。
  2. During the presidential campaign, Donald Trump repeatedly vowed to tear up the agreement of “The Paris Climate Accord”,        he said was hurting American workers.
  A. which    B. what
  C. where    D. when
  【答案】A
  【解析】考查定语从句。句意:在总统大选期间,重复宣称要撕毁“巴黎气候协议”的约定,他说这项协议破坏美国工人的利益。本题考查非限制性定语从句,用which指代上文的 “The Paris Climate Accord”,故选A。
  3. Once again, terrorists have used vehicles to        deadly attacks - this time in Spain.
  A. hold out    B. bring out
  C. carry out    D. pict
  【答案】C
  【解析】考查动词短语辨析。A. hold out伸出,拿出,呈现;B. bring out出版,取出;C. carry out实施,开展。D. pict挑选,了解。句意:恐怖分子再一次使用车辆来实施致命袭击,这次是在西班牙。根据句意可知选C。
  4. — Personally, it’s his thrill for success in the beginning that resulted in his final failure.
  — You bet. Just as we all know,       .

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