《Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China》ppt17（14份）
Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China Section Ⅰ Introduction & Reading Pre-reading
One of the most famous people in ancient China was a wise philosopher named Confucius (551 BC — 479 BC). He sometimes went by the name of Kong Zi though he was born , styled (命名，称呼) Zhong Ni. He was born in Zouyi (Qufu today) in the state of Lu.
Confucius’s father died three years after Confucius was born, leaving the family in poverty, but Confucius nevertheless (然而) received a fine education. He got married at the age of 19 and had one son and two daughters. He worked as a keeper of a market. Then he got a farm worker who took care of parks and farm animals. When he was 20, he worked for the governor of his district.
Confucius is famous for his philosophy because he made many wise sayings that helped many people learn about the world, nature, and human behaviour. He also helped the government and the ruler by teaching them lessons on how the ruler should rule his kingdom successfully.
It is commonly known that ancient China had a great effect on the world. And many great people and great inventions of ancient China still influence the world.
Section_Ⅰ Introduction & Reading — Pre-reading
Philosophers of Ancient China
Ancient China was a place where states were often at war with①each other②. But it was also a time③when there were many great philosophers④. Confucius (551 BC — 479 BC) is the philosopher whose influence has been the greatest⑤. He stressed⑥ the importance of kindness, duty and order⑦ in society. Chinese society was influenced by these ideas for more than 2,000 years.
Mencius was a thinker whose teachings were very similar to⑧ those⑨ of Confucius. Mencius was born in 372 BC. His father died when he was young, and he was brought up⑩ by his mother. He became a student of Confucius’s ideas, and was then given an important position○11 in the government of a state. However, when he saw that the ruler was not following his advice⑫， he resigned⑬. For many years he travelled from state to state, teaching⑭ the principles○15of Confucius. He then became an adviser⑯ to another ruler. He spent his last years preparing a book of his teachings called TheBookofMencius⑰. Mencius believed that the reason why man is different from animals is that man is good. He taught that if the government was kind, then people would be good. He believed that people were more important than rulers, and hated the state when it treated people badly.
①be at war with “与……交战”，表示处于战争的状态。
②where states were often at war with each other 是 where 引导的定语从句，修饰 a place, where 在从句中作地点状语。
③a time 一个时期，一段时间
④when there were many great philosophers 是 when 引导Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China Section Ⅱ Introduction & Reading Language Points
1.equaladj.平等的→equally adv.平等地→equality n．平等
5.influentialadj.有影响的→influence v．&n．影响 1.philosophy n．哲学
[联想] ①philosopher n．哲学家
[记法] advise(建议)＋ -er→顾问
[联想] ①advice n．建议
①celebration n. 庆祝；庆祝会
②collection n. 收藏品，收集物
③condition n. 条件，状况
④congratulation n. 祝贺，庆贺
[记法] re (再) ＋sign (签署；签名)→再签字→任职签一次，辞职签一次
[联想] ①sign v．签署；签名
②mark n．标记 vt.标明；作记号于
9．as_a_result 因此，结果 1.in society 在社会中
2．more than 2,000 years 两千多年
3．travel from state to state 周游列国
4．people were more important than rulers
5．born in 476 BC 生于公元前476年
6.man is good 人性本善
7．his idea of love 他的仁爱思想
8．idea of war 战争的观点
先背熟 再悟通 后仿用
1.Treat others in the way you want to be treated.
己所不欲，勿施于人。 先行词为 the way, 定语从句用 that/in which/ 省略关系词。 I don’t like the way you_speak_to_her.
Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China Section Ⅲ Grammar 限制性定语从句
①Mozi was another teacher who was very influential.
②Born in 476 BC, he came from a family which was very poor.
③The woman (whom) you saw just now is our teacher.
④Do you know the girl whose Japanese is excellent?
⑤Ancient China was a place where states were often at war with each other.
⑥But it was also a time when there are many great philosophers.
⑦Do you know the reason why he has been late?
⑧For example, it is the country in which silk was first invented.
⑨He is a man of whom China can be proud.
He is the man whom/that I am waiting for.
They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down.
那个人的车坏了，大家都跑过去帮忙。(此处 whose 用来修饰其后面的名词 car，其先行词是 man，相当于 the man’s car)
(1)that 和 which 的用法
①which 指物，that 既可指人也可指物；它们在从句中作主语、宾语或表语，which 和 that 在从句中作宾语时可以省略。
Please find a room which/that is big enough for all of us to live in.
This is the house (which/that) we bought last month.
This is the thief (that) we have been looking for these days.