There is a popular belief among parents that schools are no longer interested in spelling.No school I have taught in has ever ignored spelling or considered it unimportant as a basic skill.There are，however，many different ideas about how to teach it，or how much priority it must be given over in general language development and writing ability.The problem is，how to encourage a child to express himself freely and confidently in writing without holding him back with the complexities(复杂性) of spelling?
If spelling becomes the only focus point of his teacher’s interest，clearly a bright child will be likely to “play safe”．He will tend to write only words within his spelling range，choosing to avoid adventurous language.That’s why teachers often encourage the early use of dictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability.
I was once shocked to read on the bottom of a sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience：“This work is terrible! There are far too many spelling errors and your writing is illegible.”It may have been a sharp criticism of the pupil’s technical abilities in writing，but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who had omitted to read the essay，which contained some beautiful expressions of the child’s deep feelings.The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to the errors，but if his priorities had centered on the child’s ideas，an expression of his disappointment with the presentation would have given the pupil more motivation to seek improvement.
1．Teachers differ in their opinions about .
A．the difficulties in teaching spelling
B．the necessity of teaching spelling
C．the complexities of the basic writing ski
(2015•高考新课标全国卷Ⅱ)My color television has given me nothing but a headache.I was able to buy it a little over a year ago because I had my relatives give me money for my birthday instead of a lot of clothes that wouldn't fit.I let a salesclerk fool me into buying a discontinued model.I realized this a day later，when I saw newspaper advertisements for the set at seventy-five dollars less than I had paid.The set worked so beautifully when I first got it home that I would keep it on until stations signed off for the night.Fortunately，I didn't get any channels showing all-night movies or I would never have gotten to bed.
Then I started developing a problem with the set that involved static(静电)noise.For some reason，when certain shows switched into a commercial，a loud noise would sound for a few seconds.Gradually，this noise began to appear during a show，and to get rid of it，I had to change to another channel and then change it back.Sometimes this technique would not work，and I had to pick up the set and shake it to remove the sound.I actually began to build up my arm muscles(肌肉)shaking my set.
When neither of these methods removed the static noise，I would sit helplessly and wait for the noise to go away.At last I ended up hitting the set with my fist，and it stopped working altogether.My trip to the repair shop cost me $62，and the set is working well now，but I keep expecting more trouble.
1．Why did the author say he was fooled into buying the TV set?
A．He got an older model than he had expected.
(2015•高考重庆卷) There are many places to go on safari(观赏野生动物) in Africa，but riding a horse through the flooded waters of Botswana's Okavango Delta must rank as one of the world's most exciting wildlife journeys.
Several safari camps operate as the base for this adventure，providing unique rides twice a day to explore deep into the delta.The camps have excellent horses，professional guides and lots of support workers.They have a reputation for providing a great riding experience.
The morning ride，when the guides ta to beautiful，shallow lall of water lilies，tends to be more active.It is unlike any other riding experience.With rainbows forming in the splashing water around you and the sound of huge drops of water bouncing off your body and face，it is truly exciting.You are very likely to come across large wild animals，too.On horseback it is possible to get quite close to elephants，giraffes and many other animals.The sense of excitement and tension levels rise suddenly though，as does your heart rate，as you move closer to them.
In the evening，rides are usually at a more relaxed and unhurried pace，with golden light streaming across the grassy delta and the animals coming out to eat and drink，sedate though they are，rides at this time of day are still very impressive.As the sun's rays pass through the dust p by the horses，the romance of Africa comes to life.
Back at the camp you can kick off your boots and enjoy excellent food and wine.Looking bacr day，you will find it hard to deny that a horseback safari is as close as you will ever come to answering the call of the wild.
1．What does the underlined word “They” refer to?
A．Flooded waters. B．Wildlife journeys.