2018年高考英语一轮复习《A healthy life》试题（5份）
Unit 3 A healthy life
This is an eight-hour course for beginners who want to learn how to use a 35mm camera. The teacher will cover such areas as kinds of film, light, and lenses(镜头). Bring your own 35mm camera to the class.
Course Charge: $150
Jan. 10, 12, 17, 19, Tues. & Thurs. 6—8p.m.
Marianne Adams is a professional photographer whose photographs appear in many magazines.
This twelve-hour course is for people who don’t know very much about computers, but who need to learn about them. You will learn what computers are, what they can and can’t do, and how to use them.
Course Charge: $75
Equipment Charge: $10
Jan. 7, 14, 21, 28, Sat. 9—12 a.m.
Joseph Saimders is a professor of computer science at New Urban University. He has over twelve years of experience in the computer field.
Do you want to stop smoking? Have you already tried to stop and failed? Now it is the time to stop smosing the latest methods. You can stop smoking, and this twelve-hour course will help you do it.
Course Charge: $30
Jan. 4, 11, 18, 25 Mon. 4—7 p.m.
Dr. John Goode is a practicing psychologist(心理学家) who has helped hundreds of people stop smoking.
This course on weekdays is for those who want to type as well as those who want to improve their typing. You are tested in the first class and practice at one of eight different skill levels. This allows you to learn at your own speed. Each program lasts 20 hours. Bring your own paper.
Course Charge: $125
Materials Charge: $25
Two hours each evening for two weeks. New classes begin every two weeks.
This course is taught by a number of business education teachers who have successfully taught typing courses before.
1.The underlined word “professional” in this passage most probably means “_________ ”.
A. spiritual B. journalist
C. professor D. experienced
2.The shortest course is_________.
A. Stop Smoking B. Basic Photography
Unit 3 A healthy life
1. abuse n. & vt. 滥用；虐待
☞ I will talt some abuses of the word.
☞ Child abuse is not allowed in our country.
☞ He never abuses authority/position/power. 他从未滥用职权。
☞ Whoever abuses pets will be punished. 无论谁虐待宠物都将受到处罚。
abuse one’s power滥用权力
abuse one’s trust/confidence背信弃义
abusive adj. 谩骂的；虐待的
abuser n. [C] 滥用者；施虐者
________________________ will bring our offspring a terrible future.
According to the new law, parents are also not allowed ________________________ in the family.
③He was arrested on charges of corruption and _________ of power.
A. amuse B. abuse C. accuse D. adoption
【答案】 ①Abusing energy/Energy abuse ②to abuse children
2. ban vt. 禁止；取缔 n. 禁令；谴责
☞ He was banned from driving for six months. 他被禁止驾驶六个月。
☞ The President supports a global ban on nuclear testing. 总统支持全球性禁止核试验。
ban sb.from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事
②a ban on/against sth. 对……的禁令
place/put...under a ban 禁止……
ban指由于法律或社会压力而禁止，有谴责或不赞成的意味。常见搭配ban...from sth/doing sth。
forbid较常用。可以是个人，也可以是国家、政府机关作出的规定和准则。常见搭配forbid sb to do sth/forbid doing sth。
prohibit强调以法律或官方行政手段，或规章制度的形式加以禁止。常见搭配prohibit sb from sth/doing sth。
①After the accident, he was____________ from driving alone.
②Our school____________ us to bring cellphone to school.
③The law____________ the tobacco from being sold freely.
Unit 3 A healthy life
体裁 话题 词数 难度 建议时间
说明文 麻疹在历史上带来的危害及麻疹患者数量增多的原因 362 ★★★★☆ 6分钟
（2017•北京卷阅读理解)Measles(麻疹), which once killed 450 children each year and disabled even more, was nearly wiped out in the United States 14 years ago by the universal use of the MMR vaccine(疫苗). But the disease is making a comebacsed by a growing anti-vaccine movement and misinformation that is spreading quickly. Already this year, 115 measles cases have been reported in the USA, compared with 189 for all of last year.
The numbers might sound small, but they are the leading edge of a dangerous trend. When vaccination rates are very high, as they still are in the nation as a whole, everyone is protected. This is called “herd immunity”, which protects the people who get hurt easily, including those who can’t be vaccinated for medical reasons, babies too young to get vaccinated and people on whom the vaccine doesn’t work.
But herd immunity works only when nearly the whole herd joins in. When some refuse vaccination and seek a free ride, immunity breaks down and everyone is in even bigger danger.
That’s exactly what is happening in small neighborhoods around the country from Orange County, California, where 22 measles cases were reported this month, to Brooklyn, N.Y., where a 17-year-old caused an outbreak last year.
The resistance to vaccine has continued for decades, and it is driven by a real but very small risk. Those who refuse to take that risk selfishly make others suffer.
Making things worse are state laws that make it too easy to opt out(决定不参加) of what are supposed to be required vaccines for all children entering kindergarten. Seventeen states allow parents to get an exemption（豁免), sometimes just by signing a paper saying they personally object to a vaccine.
Now, several states are moving to tighten laws by adding new regulations for opting out. But no one does enough to limit exemptions.
Parents ought to be able to opt out only for limited medical or religious reasons. But personal opinions? Not good enough. Everyone enjoys the life-saving benefits vaccines provide, but they’ll exist only as long as everyone shares in the risks.
63. The first two paragraphs suggest that ____________.
A．a small number of measles cases can start a dangerous trend
B．the outbreak of measles attracts the public attention
C．anti-vaccine movement has its medical reasons
D．information about measles spreads quickly
64. Herd immunity works well when ____________.
A．exemptions are allowed
B．several vaccines are used together
C．the whole neighborhood is involved in
D．new regulations are added to the state laws
65. What is the main reason for the comeback of measles?
A．The overuse of vaccine.
B．The lack of medical care.