广东省广州市广大附中2017年中考一模英语试卷

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约22760字。

  广大附中2017年中考一模英语试卷
  一、语法选择(每小题 1 分,共 15 分)
  阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从 1-15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
  John and Mary had two lovely children. Once they were asked to go on a business trip. So they found a babysitter to take care     1     the children.
  A week later, as they drove into their hometown, they noticed smoke and went to see    2    . A house was on fire! Mary said, “Well, the house isn’t    3     . Let’s go.”
  But John kept driving 4     , “The house belongs to Fred.” “It has nothing to do with us, let’s go.”
  said Mary.
  But John drove up. A woman    5    in the street, “My children! Help! Help!” John asked her      6   him where her children were. “In   7   bathroom,” cried the woman.
  8   Mary didn’t agree, John hurried for the bathroom    9   was full of smoke and heat. He soon found two children. As he left he could hear some other sound like crying. He    10   sent the two children to a safe place. But he 11 two more children were still inside. Mary shouted, “Don’t go back! That house 12 down in any second!”
  John went back by    13     his way down into the room. It seemed a century had passed before he found both the children   14   the return way. As he walp the endless steps, the thought went through his mind that there was   15   strangely familiar about the little bodies, and at last when they came out, he found that he had just saved his own children!
  The babysitter had left them at this house while she did some shopping.
  1. A. of B. for C. on D. about
  2. A. what is it B. what it is C. what was it D. what it was
  3. A. we B. us C. our D. ours
  4. A. close B. closer C. closest D. the closest
  5. A. cries B. cried C. was crying D. has cried
  6. A. to show B. showing C. showed D. shows
  7. A. a B. an C. the D. 不填
  8. A. But B. Although C. Since D. Because
  9. A. who B. why C. when D. which
  10. A. quicickly C. quickness D. quicken
  11. A. tells B. told C. was told D. has told
  12. A. falls B. fell C. will fall D. was falling
  13. A. feel B. feels C. to feel D. feeling
  14. A. but B. and C. so D. or
  15. A. something B. anything C. everything D. Nothing
  二、完形填空(每题 1.5 分,共 15 分)
  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
  Scientists study the world and learn about things using a process called the scientific method. By asking important questions and   16   the answers, it is possible to make amazing discoveries! Sometimes a scientist is  17   to answer his own questions, but if he has taken good notes another scientist may come along later who is able to use new knowledge to answer it.
  When you use the scientific method to  18  an experiment, you start by making observations about something that   19  you. Based on your observations, you make a hypothesis. This is using    20   you know to make a smart guess about what you thinld happen. Then you are ready to begin your experiment. All 21_your experiment you take down notes, which are  22  experiment date. You are constantly making observations during this time. You may make discoveries that cause you to improve your experiment as you go. 23 , you conclude your experiment and begin to look over your notes to decide what it all means. Based on what you have learned, you make a final statement about 24 your hypothesis was correct or not. You have to have reasons and evidence to support what you are saying.
  Using the scientific method can be difficult, but rewarding. Because all the steps are organized in a process, the 25 are more valid. When you provide observations as evidence to support what you are saying, your ideas are more likely to be accepted.
  16. A. waiting for B. searching for C. worrying about D. complaining about
  17. A. unable B. sure C. ready D. surprised
  18. A. read B. refuse C. prevent D. conduct
  19. A. hurts B. represents C. interests D. attacks
  20. A. what B. when C. why D. which
  21. A. without B. including C. except D. during
  22. A. controlled B. arranged C. called D. carried
  23. A. Obviously B. Suddenly C. Finally D. Mostly
  24. A. whether B. what C. how D. when
  25. A. problem         B. results C. services D. aims
  二、阅读理解
  A
  Are you shy? If you are, you are not alone. In fact, close to 50 percent of people are shy. Almost 80 percent of people feel shy at some point in their lives. These days, shyness is becoming more and more common. Now, scientists are trying to understand shyness. They have some interesting ideas about why people are shy.
  Is it possible to be born shy? Many scientists say yes. They say 15 to 20 percent of babies behave shyly. These babies are a little quieter and more watchful than other babies. Interestingly, these shy babies usually have shy parents. As a result, scientists think that some shyness is genetic.
  Family size might cause people to be shy as well. Scientists at Harvard University studied shy children. They found that 66 percent of them had older brothers and sisters. As a result, they became shy. At the same time, children with no brothers and sisters may be shy as well. Growing up alone, they often play by themselves. They are not able to learn the same social skills as children from big families.
  You may also be shy because of where you were born. When scientists studied shyness in different countries. They found surprising differences. In Japan, most people said they were shy. But in Israel, only one of three people said so. What explains the difference? One scientist says the Japanese and Israelis have different opinions of failure. In Japan, when people do not succeed, they feel bad about themselves. They blame themselves for their failure. In Israel, the opposite is true. Israelis often blame failure on outside reasons, such as family, teachers, friends, or bad luck. In Israel, freedom of opinion and risk taking are strongly supported. This may be why Israelis worry less about failure and are less shy.
  For shy people, it can be difficult to make friends, speak in class, and even get a good job. But scientists say you can get over your shyness. They suggest trying new things and practicing conversation. And don’t forget---if you are shy, you are not the only one.
  26. What is the passage mainly about?

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