(天津卷)2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语试卷

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约22910字。有官方答案。

  绝密★启用前
  2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(天津卷)
  英语 笔试
  本试卷分为第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分,共130分,考试用时100分钟。第I卷1至10页,第II卷11至12页。
  答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考号填写在答题卡上,并在规定位置粘贴考试用条形码。答卷时,考生务必将答案涂写在答题卡上,答在试卷上的无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
  祝各位考生考试顺利!
  第I卷
  注意事项:
  1. 每小题选出答案后,用铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。
  2. 本卷共55小题,共95分。
  第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
  第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
  从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  例:Stand over there___________ you’ll be able to see it better.
  A. or      B. and         C. but       D. while
  答案是B。
  第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16~35各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
  1.—Wasn't Joan supposed to be here by now?
  一She will be here in about twenty minutes.
  A. All right   B. Don't worry C. No wonder D. Enjoy yourself
  2.Kae, _________sister I shared a room with when we were at college, has gone to worstralia.
  A. whom B. that      C. whose        D. her
  3.At first Robert wouldn't let his daughter go diving, but eventually he___________ as she was so confidence about her skills.
  A. gave in       B. dressed up       C. broke in        D. turned up
  4.Let's not pick these peaches until this weekend ___________they get sweet enough to be eaten.
  A. ever since B.as if C. even though D.so that
  5.—I'm moving in a few days and I wonder if you could help.
  —_________ __. Just let me know when, and I'll be there.
  A. You bet B. It depends C. Forget it D. No kidding
  6.The__________ that there is life on other planets in the universe has always inspired scientists to explore the outer sp ace.
  A. advice       B. order        C. possibility        D. invitation
  7.Ineed anew passport so I will have to have my photographs___________.
  A. taking B. taken C. being taken     D. take
  8.It took him a long time to___________ the skills he needed to become a good dancer.
  A. display     B. acquire     C teach     D. test
  9.The gold medal will be awarded ___________to wins the first place in the bicycler.
  A. whomever B. wherever C. whoever D. whatever
  10.I can't find my purse. I___________ it in the supermarket yesterday, but I'm not sure.
  A. should leave B. must have left  C. might leave D. could have left
  11.Bob thought he couldn't go to the party because he had to write a report, but he went ___________.
  A.at first    B. after all C. above all D.at random
  12.I didn't mean ___________anything but the ice cream looked so good that I couldn’t help_______ it.
  A.to eat;to try B. eating;trying
  C. eating;to try D.to eat; trying
  13.My washing machine ___________this week, so I have to wash my clothes by hand.
  A. was repaired                       B.is repaired
  C.is being repaired D. has been repaired
  14.It was only when the car pulled up in front of our house ___________we saw Lily in the passenger seat.
  A. which B. that C. when D. where
  15.If we ___________the flight yesterday, we would be enjoying our holiday on the beach
  A. had caught B. caught C. have caught D. would catch
  第二节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16~35各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
  No one is born a winner. People make themselves into winners by their own   16  .
  I learned this lesson from a(n)   17  many years ago. I took the head   18   job at a school in Baxley, Georgia. It was a small school with a weak football program.
  It was a tradition for the school's old team to play against the   19    team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didn't even practice to    20   the game. Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldn't   21   I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about i t, I came to    22    that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were    23   me. I had to change my  24    about their ability and potential.
  I started doing anything I could to help them build a little    25    .Most important, I began to treat them like    26   .That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their   27   ,we met every day and    28   passing and kicking the football.
  Six months after suffering our    29   on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to  30   .Finally, we faced the number one team in the state. I felt that it would be a   31  for us even if we lost the game. But that wasn't what happened. My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest 32of my life!
  From the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can   33   the members of a team. Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and   34   them. I helped them to see themselves   35  ,and they built themselves into winners.
  Winners are made, but born.
  16.A.luck B. tests C. efforts    D. nature
  17.A.experiment B. experience C. visit D. show
  18. A. operating B. editing C. consulting D. coaching
  19. A. successful B. excellent C. strong D. new
  20. A. cheer for B. prepare for C. help with D. finish with
  21. A. believe B. agree C. describe D. regret
  22. A. realize B. claim C. permit D. demand
  23. A. reacting to B. looking for C. depending on D. caring about
  24. A. decision B. attitude C. conclusion D. intention
  25. A. pride B. culture C. fortune D. relationship
  26. A. leaders B. partners C. winners D.  leaners
  27. A. rewards B. vacations C. health D. honor
  28. A. risked B. missed C. considered D. practiced
  29. A. defeat B. decline C. accident D. mistake[][]
  30. A. relax B. improve C. expand D. defend
  31. A. shame B. burden C. victory D. favor
  32.  A.  chances    B. thrills C. concerns D. offers
  33. A. surprise B. serve          C.  interest       D. affect

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