Module 3 MusicSection Ⅰ Introduction & Reading Pre-reading
Folk songs are the songs that are made up by common people. Many folk songs tell about heroes, robbers or young girls. Others, like OldMacDonaldHadaFarm, are just for fun. Some folk songs are about the kinds of work that people do. Christmas carols (圣诞颂歌) are folk songs, and so are thepatriotic (爱国的) songsof many countries.
Every country has its own folk songs. Most of these songs were made up long ago, and people have been singing them for hundreds of years.
Of course, in China, we also have a long and honoured tradition of folk songs and folk singers. Like all folk songs, they come from the ordinary people and tell ofthings in ordinary lives. There are three main kinds of Chinese folk songs: Hao Zi, Xiao Diao and Shan Ge.
Hao Zi is sung by males. Shan Ge is sung by two people,while Xiao Diao, with its beautiful tone, is usually sung by girls.
And in this module we’ll learn something interesting and important about some foreign musicians. We’ll be impressed bytheir special experiences and talent in music. Well, let’s begin.
Section_Ⅰ Introduction & Reading — Pre-reading
Joseph Haydn(1732－1809)was an Austrian composer① and is known as②“the father of the symphony③”. Other composers had written symphonies before Haydn, but he changed the symphony into④ a long piece for a large orchestra⑤.
He was born in a village in Austria⑥， the son of a peasant⑦. He had a beautiful singing voice⑧. After studying music in Vienna⑨， Haydn went to work at the court○10 of a prince⑪ in eastern Austria, where he became director⑫ of music. Having worked there for 30 years⑬， Haydn moved to London, where he was very successful.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756－1791) was a composer, possibly the greatest musical genius⑭ of all time⑮. He only lived 35 years and he composed⑯ more than 600 pieces of music.
Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria. His father Leopold was a musician⑰ and orchestra conductor⑱. Wolfgang had musical⑲talent⑳ from a very early age. He learned to play the harpsichord○21 when he was four, he started composing music when he was five, and when he was six, he played the harpsichord in a concert for the Empress○22 of Austria.
By the time he was 14, Mozart had composed○23 many pieces for the harpsichord, piano and violin, as well as○24 for orchestras. While he was still a teenager, Mozart was already a big star and toured○25 Europe giving concerts. Haydn met Mozart in 1781 and was very impressed with○26 him. “He is the greatest composer the world has known○27，” he said.The two were friends until Mozart’s death in 1791. ①composer/kəm’pəʊzə/n．作曲家
②be known as作为……而著名
④change ...into ...把……转变成……
the son of a peasant是he的同位语。
⑧voice n．嗓音；声音 singing voice 歌喉
⑨After studying ...为“介词＋现在分词短语”作状语。
⑩court /kɔːt/n.宫廷 ⑪prince/prIns/n．王子；亲王
⑭genius/’dʒiːniəs/n．天才 ⑮of all time有史以来
○21harpsichord n．拨弦键琴 ○22empress n．皇后
○23by the time引导时间状语从句时，常和完成时连用。
○24as well as 也，又，还 ○25tour/tʊə/vt.巡回演出
○26be impressed with 对……印象深刻
○27the world has known为composer的定语从句。
Module 3 MusicSection Ⅱ Introduction & Reading Language Points
3.directorn．指挥；导演→direct vt.指导；导演 adj.直接的→direction n．方向
6.composevt.作曲；创作→composern．作曲家 1.composer n．作曲家
[联想] ①director n. 指挥；导演
②visitor n. 访问者，参观者
③actor n. 男演员
④inventor n. 发明者
[联想] ①king n. 国王
②queen n. 王后；女王
③princess n. 公主
8.hear_of 听说 1.singing voice 歌喉
2.have a beautiful singing voice 有一副唱歌的好嗓子
3.give concert 举办音乐会
4.play the violin 拉小提琴
5.something wonderful 精彩的东西
6.the rest of one’s life 某人的余生
7.director of music 音乐指挥
8.from an early age 从很小的时候
先背熟 再悟通 后仿用
1.Having workedthere for 30 years, Haydn moved to London, where he was very successful.
在那儿工作了30年后，海顿搬到了伦敦，在那里，他非常成功。 现在分词的完成式作时间状语。 Having_worked for a whole day, the secretary looked exhausted.
2.By the time he was 14, Mozart had composed many pieces for the harpsichord, piano and violin, as well as for orchestras.
到莫扎特14岁时，不仅已经谱写了很多管弦乐曲，还谱写了许多拨弦键琴曲、钢琴曲和小提琴曲。 by the time用作连词，引导时间状语从句。 By_the_time I got home, my mother had_already_finished coopper.
Module 3 MusicSection Ⅲ Grammar 时间状语从句和过去完成时
①Whenhe was very young, Mozart had a lot of musical talent.
②While he was still a teenager, he was a big star.
③As he grew older, he began to go deaf.
④By the time he was 14, Mozarthad composed many pieces for the harpsichord, piano and violin, as well as for orchestras.
⑤Afterthey had known each other for many years, Beethoven said, “He is a good composer, but he has taught me nothing.”
⑥Before they visited India, they had recorded seven albums.
(4)例句④⑥中，by the time和before引导时间状语从句，从句用一般过去时，主句则用过去完成时。
时间状语从句用来说明主句谓语动词发生的时间，由连词引导。本单元主要学习when, while, as及by the time引导的时间状语从句。
When they heard the news, they were very excited.
When I lived there, I used to go to the seashore on Sundays.
I was watching TV whensomeone knocked at the door.
①be about to do ... when正要做……这时
②be doing ... when正在做……这时
③had done ... when刚做完……就
While/Whenshe was reading a novel, she cried.
They rushed in while we were discussing problems.