2018年中考英语总复习:动词的被动语态

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11总复习_动词的被动语态
动词的被动语态  基础讲解.doc
动词的被动语态 巩固练习.doc
  动词的被动语态
  【真题再现】
  1. We're sure that the environment in our city ______ greatly through our work in the near future. (2014 南京)
  A. improved        B. was improved     C. has improved       D. will be improved
  2. The pet dog is warm and loving. It ______ as a daughter of my family.(2014 河北)
  A. treats B. treated C. is treated D. was treated
  3. When Tim ______ why he was late for school, he just kept silent.(2014 河南)
  A. was asked      B. asked     C. was asking     D. is asked
  4. He is very surprised that all the houses in the village ______ white.(2014 广州)
  A. paint B. painted C. are painting D. are painted
  5. If it isn't fine this weer spring field trip _______. (2014 福州)
  A. is cancelled     B. was cancelled    C. will be cancelled
  6. A. new hospital ________ in my town next year. (2014 北京)
  A. builds B. built C. is built D. will be built
  7. — Tom! I looked for you everywhere at the party last night.(2014 威海)
  — Oh, I          to the party.
  A. am invited B. was invited C. am not invited D. wasn’t invited
  8. Many students _________ changes to show themselves in class because the class size is too big.(2014 江西)
  A. don't give      B. aren't given   C. haven't given   D. won't give
  9. Pukou Railway Station ________ in 1911 and it has become a filming location for films and TV plays in recent years.(2015 南京)
  A.build B.is built C.built D.was built
  10. —Your school is so beautiful.(2015 西宁)
  —Thanks! A modern stadium and a big garden _______ to make it nicer this year.
  A.will be built    B.has been built    C.is built
  11.These model cars ________ in China in 2013. (2015 北京)
  A. are made     B. were made    C. make            D. made
  12. — Don’t smoke here, Dad. Smoking ________ in public places.(2015 福州)
  — Oh, sorry. I’ll stop right now.
  A. isn’t allowed B. aren’t allowed   C. doesn’t allow
  13. Many houses _________ by the earthquake and thousands of people were left homeless. (2015 广州)
  A. damaged      B. were damaged      C. were damaging      D. are damaged
  14. Now it’s much easier to shop online. When your order is ready, the things you want to buy
  to you soon. (2015 河南)
  A. send             B. were sent            C. are sending        D. will be sent
  15. The telephone ________ by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876.(2015 吉林)
  A.is invented    B.invented    C.was invented
  16. — Hobo, can I eat the hamburger?(2015 南通)
  — Sure, if the dishes ________.
  A.wash    B.are washed    C.will wash    D.will be washed
  17. The poor girl ________ by the unfriendly boys when she told her story.(2015 宁夏回族自治区)
  A.laughed at    B.was laughed at    C.laughs at    D.is laughed
  18. The novel ________ by many people today.(2015 天津)
  A. is read               B. are read             C. reads             D. were read
  19. You can’t wear shoes inside this place. It ________.(2015 江西)
  A. doesn’t allow                 B. isn’t allowed
  C. hasn’t allowed                D. wasn’t allowed
  【答案与解析】
  1. D。句意:我们相信,通过努力,我们城市的环境在不久的将来会得到巨大的改善。根据in the near future可知,应用一般将来时;环境应该是被改善,所以用被动语态,故选D项。
  2. C。句意:这只宠物狗既友好又令人喜爱。它被当作我家的女儿一样对待。由于主语it和动词treat构成被动关系,故本题须用被动语态。又由题干中的is warm可知应用一般现在时的被动语态,其结构为:am/is/are+动词的过去分词。故答案为C项。
  3. A。句意:当Tim被问到他为什么上学迟到时,他只是保持沉默。由句意可知主语是动作的承受者,又因为题干中的动词都为过去式,故应用一般过去时的被动语态,故答案为A项。
  4. D。句意为“他对村子里所有的房子都被粉刷上白色感到惊讶”,因为房子是不能自己刷上白色的,所以必须用被动语态。
  5. C。句意:这个周末如果天气不好,我们的春游将被取消。if引导条件状语从句,遵循“主将从现”原则,故此处主句应用一般将来时的被动语态,故答案为C项。
  6. D。句意:明年在我家乡要建一所新医院。医院与建造为被动关系,应用被动语态,故排除A、B两项;由next year(明年)可知用一般将来时。故选D。
  7. D。本题意为:——Tom!昨晚在聚会上我到处找你。——噢,我没被邀请去聚会,故本题应用一般过去时的被动语态,故答案选D。
  8. B。句意:很多学生在上课的时候都没有机会展示自己,因为班级人数太多。学生应该被给予机会,所以应该使用被动语态,故选B项。
  9. D。句意:浦口火车站建于1911年,近年来它已经成为电影和电视剧的拍摄地。根据in 1911可知,应用一般过去时;火车站是被建的,所以用被动语态,故选D项。
  10. A。由语境可知,今年还会建一个现代化的体育场和一座大花园,这会使校园更漂亮。一般将来时的被动语态,故选A。

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