八年级英语上册全一册短语、语法知识点汇总(12份)

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八年级英语上册全一册短语、语法知识点汇总(打包12套)(新版)人教新目标版
八年级英语上册Unit10Ifyougotothepartyyou’llhaveagreattime短语语法知识点汇总新版人教新目标版2018081442.doc
八年级英语上册Unit1Wheredidyougoonvacation短语语法知识点汇总新版人教新目标版2018081441.doc
八年级英语上册Unit2Howoftendoyouexercise短语语法知识点汇总新版人教新目标版2018081443.doc
八年级英语上册Unit3I'mmoreoutgoingthanmysister短语语法知识点汇总新版人教新目标版2018081444.doc
八年级英语上册Unit4What'sthebestmovietheater短语语法知识点汇总新版人教新目标版2018081445.doc
八年级英语上册Unit5Doyouwanttowatchagameshow短语语法知识点汇总新版人教新目标版2018081446.doc
八年级英语上册Unit6I'mgoingtostudycomputerscience短语语法知识点汇总新版人教新目标版2018081447.doc
八年级英语上册Unit7Willpeoplehaverobots短语语法知识点汇总新版人教新目标版2018081448.doc
八年级英语上册Unit8Howdoyoumakeabananamilkshake短语语法知识点汇总新版人教新目标版2018081449.doc
八年级英语上册Unit9Canyoucometomyparty短语语法知识点汇总新版人教新目标版20180814410.doc
  Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation
  一、必背单词短语。
  1.相当多 quite a few 2.大部分时间 most of the time
  3.记日记 keep a diary 4.买特别的东西 buy something special
  5.遇见有趣的人 meet someone interesting 6.做有趣的事情 do something interesting
  7.拍了相当多的照片 taite a few photos 8.决定做某事 decide to do sth.
  9.到达(+大地点) arrive in 10.做一个决定 make a decision
  11.尽力做某事 try to do sth 12.尝试做某事 try doing sth
  13.尽某人最大努力做 try one’s best to do sth. 14.感受到,觉得 feel like
  15.想要做某事(feel) feel like doing 16.在过去 in the past
  17.开始做某事 start/begin to do/doing 18.由于+n./pron./v-ing because of
  19.等待 wait for 20.足够的钱 enough money
  21另外两个小时 another two hours 22.如此…以至于 so…that…
  23.与…不同 be different from 24.与…相同 the same as
  25.与…相同 the same as
  【教材知识点总结】
  Section A
  1. Where did you go on vacation? (P. 1)
  on vacation意为“在度假”,结构“on+名词”表示“在某种状态中”。
  例句:My family went to Hainan on vacation last year.
  2. ...visited my uncle (P. 1)
  visit此处用作及物动词,后接人或物做宾语,意为“拜访、看望”,后接表示地点的名词,意为“参观、游览”。
  例句:I visited my grandmother last week.
  例句:Do you want to visit Shanghai?
  3. ...go with anyone? (P. 2)
  (1) anyone用作不定代词,意为“有人、任何人”,相当于anybody,用于疑问句和否定句中, 
  在肯定句中用someone或者somebody。但是anyone也可以用在肯定句中,表示“任何一个人”。
  例句:Did you meet anyone friendly in that city?
  例句:Anyone can be helpful in some way.
  (2) anyone只能指人,不可以指物,后面不接of短语;any one既可以指人也可以指物,后可接of短语。
  例句:You can ask any one of us about this question.
  4. ...buy anything special? (P. 2)
  (1) buy用作双宾语动词,表示“买”,常用的结构为“buy sb. sth.”或者“buy sth. for sb.”,表示“为某人买某物”。
  例句:My father bought me a bike.=My father bought a bike for me.
  【拓展】可接双宾语的动词还有give, bring, show, tell, sell等。
  give sb. sth.=give sth. to sb. 给某人某物
  bring sb. sth.=bring sth. to sb. 把某物带给某人
  show sb. sth.=show sth. to sb. 给某人看某物
  tell sb. sth.=tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某物
  sell sb. sth.=sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人
  (2) 形容词修饰复合不定代词(something/body/one, anything/body/one, nothing/body/one, everything/body/one)时,放在复合不定代词后面。
  例句:I have __________ _____________ (一些重要的事情) to tell you.
  5. We tooite a few photos there. (P. 2)
  take photos意为“拍照、照相”,take a photo/photos of sb./sth.意为“给……拍照”。
  例句:We _________(take) many photos on the Great Wall last year.
  例句:Could you _______( take) a photo of us?
  Unit 2 How often do you exercise
  一、必背短语。
  1.去看电影 go to the movies 2.多久一次 how often
  3.几乎从不 hardly ever 4.在周末 on the weekend/on weekends
  5.一周一次 once a week 6.一周两次 twice a week
  7.一个月三次 three times a month 8.使用互联网 use the internet
  9.充满… be full of 10.上钢琴课 have piano lessons
  11.不得不做某事 have to do sth. 12.帮助做家务 help with housework
  13.至少 at least 14.至多 at most
  15.保持健康 keep healthy/keep in good health 16….的结果 the result of…
  17.百分之二十 twenty percent 18.对…有益 be good for…
  19.对…有害 be bad for 20.垃圾食品 junk food
  21.多少个小时 how many hours 22.做运动 play/do sports
  23.在某人空闲时间 in one’s free time 24.根本不;一点也不 not…at all
  25.询问…关于… ast 26.熬夜 stay up late
  27.一个16岁的男孩 a 16-year-old boy 28.超过、多于 more than
  29.少于 less than 30.放松的最好方式 the best way to relax
  【教材内容解析】
  Section A
  1. What do you usually do on weekends? (P. 9)
  on weekends意为“在周末”,泛指每个周末,on the weekend则表示“在这个周末”,特指某个周末;在英式英语中,在周末也可以用at the weekend或者at weekends。
  I like going fishing on weekends.
  He wants to do something special on the weekend.
  2. help with homework (P. 9)
  help表示“帮助”时,常用的句型为:help sb. with sth. 帮助某人某事;help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事。
  Can you help me with my homework?
  He often helps his mother clean do housework.
  3. sometimes (P. 9)
  sometimes是频度副词,意为“有时”,相当于at times。
  I sometimes play computer games on weekends.
  【拓展】辨析sometimes, some times, sometime与some time
  sometimes 有时 Sometimes he had lunch at school.
  some times 几次、几倍 I’ve been to the museum some times.
  sometime 某时 I will visit Daming sometime this summer vacation.
  some time 一段时间 She has lived here for some time.
  4. hardly ever (P. 9)
  hardly作副词,表示“几乎不”;hard用作副词表示“努力地、猛烈地”,作形容词表示“硬的、困难的”。
  He hardly works.
  He works hard.
  This is a hard work.
  5. How often do you watch TV? (P. 9)
  how often意为“多久一次”用来提问频率,常用表示频率的副词或者短语来回答,如twice a week, sometimes, every day, always等。
  -How often do you play sports?
  -Three times a week.
  【拓展】辨析how long, how soon和how often
  how long “多长时间”,提问for和since引出的时间状语 ---How long did you stay there?
  ---For about two weeks.
  Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister
  一、 必背短语。
  1.更外向 more outgoing 2.和…一样 as…as…
  3.最重要的 the most important 4….和…都(两者) both…and…
  5.在…方面有天赋 be talented in 6.关心、在意 care about
  7.照顾、照料 take care of 8.使某人做某事 make sb. do sth
  9.与…不同 be different from.. 10.只要 as long as
  11.使显现出 bring out 12.取得好成绩 get good grades
  13.事实上,实际上 in fact 14.与…类似 be similar to
  15.交朋友 make friends 16.与…相处得好 be good with
  二、 写出下列形容词或副词的比较级。
  1.good/well better 2.long longer
  3.tall taller 4.heavy heavier
  5.loudly more loudly 6.quietly more quietly
  7.quiet quieter 8.friendly friendlier
  9.smart smarter 10.hard-working more hard-working
  11.early earlier 12.lazy lazier
  13.outgoing more outgoing 14.high higher
  15.hard harder 16.fast faster
  17.serious more serious 18.little less
  19.popular more popular 20.many/much more
  21.important more important 11.shy shyer
  【教材内容解析】
  Section A
  1. Both Sam and Tom can play the drums, but Sam plays them better than Tom. (P. 17)
  both...and...意为“两者都”,并列两个主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。
  Both Tom and Jim are interested in Math.
  2. Tara works as hard as Tina. (P. 18)
  as...as...意为“和……一样”,两个as中间用形容词或者副词原级。
  He is as tall as his father.
  I run as fast as he.
  【拓展】not as...as...意为“不如……,比不上……”第一个as是副词,在否定句中可以换成so。
  She doesn't study as/so hard as her brother.
  Lucy is not as/so easygoing as Lily.
  3. Oh, which one was Lisa?(P. 18)
  which表示“哪一个”,表示在一定数量中进行选择;what用于选择范围较大或者不明确时,表示选择人或物的种类。
  There are some books in the box. Which one is yours?
  What is in the box?
  4. You can tell that Lisa really wanted to win, though. (P. 18)
  (1) win表示“赢得”后接比赛、奖项等表示物的名词作宾语;beat表示“打败”,后接某人、团队等表示人的名词作宾语。
  They finally beat the other side and won the basketball match.
  Who won the first prize in the singing contest.
  (2) 这里的though作副词,表示“可是、然而”,放在句末,前用都好隔开。
  Jim said that he would come. He didn’t, though.
  5. But the most important thing is to learn something new and have fun. (P. 18)
  (1) 此处动词不定式作表语,放在be动词后面。
  My work is to clean the room every day.
  His dream is to be a teacher.
  (2) have fun意为“玩得高兴”,后接动名词。
  Did you have fun visiting that country?
  Section B
  1. ...is talented in music. (P. 20)
  talented作形容词,表示“有才能的、有天赋的”,be talented in表示“在……方面有天赋”。
  Li Yundi is talented in swimming.

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