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  1. Typical of the grassland dwellers of the continent is the American antelope, or pronghorn. 美洲羚羊,或称叉角羚,是该大陆典型的草原动物。
  2. Of the millions who saw Haley’s comet in 1986, how many people will live long enough to see it return in the twenty-first century. 1986年看见哈雷慧星的千百万人当中,有多少人能够长寿到足以目睹它在二十一世纪的回归呢?
  3. Anthropologists have discovered that fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise are universally reflected in facial expressions.人类学家们已经发现,恐惧,快乐,悲伤和惊奇都会行之于色,这在全人类是共通的。
  4. Because of its irritating effect on humans, the use of phenol as a general antiseptic has been largely discontinued. 由于苯酚对人体带有刺激性作用,它基本上已不再被当作常用的防腐剂了。
  5. In group to remain in existence, a profit-making organization must, in the long run, produce something consumers consider useful or desirable.任何盈利组织若要生存,最终都必须生产出消费者可用或需要的产品。
  6. The greater the population there is in a locality, the greater the need there is for water, transportation, and disposal of refuse. 一个地方的人口越多,其对水,交通和垃圾处理的需求就会越大。
  7. It is more difficult to write simply, directly, and effectively than to employ flowery but vague expressions that only obscure one’s meaning. 简明,直接,有力的写作难于花哨,含混而意义模糊的表达。
  8. With modern offices becoming more mechanized, designers are attempting to personalize them with warmer, less severe interiors. 随着现代办公室的日益自动化,设计师们正试图利用较为温暖而不太严肃的内部装饰来使其具有亲切感。
  9. The difference between libel and slander is that libel is printed while slander is spoken. 诽谤和流言的区别在于前者是书面的,而后者是口头的。
  10. The knee is the joints where the thigh bone meets the large bone of the lower leg. 膝盖是大腿骨和小腿胫的连接处。
  11. Acids are chemical compounds that, in water solution, have a sharp taste, a corrosive action on metals, and the ability to turn certain blue vegetable dyes red. 酸是一种化合物,它在溶于水时具有强烈的气味和对金属的腐蚀性,并且能够使某些蓝色植物染料变红。
  12. Billie Holiday’s reputation as a great jazz-blues singer rests on her ability to give emotional depth to her songs. Billie Holiday’s作为一个爵士布鲁斯乐杰出歌手的名声建立在能够赋予歌曲感情深度的能力。
  13. Essentially, a theory is an abstract, symbolic representation of what is conceived to be reality. 理论在本质上是对认识了的现实的一种抽象和符号化的表达。
  14. Long before children are able to speanderstand a language, they communicate through facial expressions and by making noises. 儿童在能说或能听懂语言之前,很久就会通过面部表情和靠发出噪声来与人交流了。
  15. Thanks to modern irrigation, crops now grow abundantly in a 魔鬼动词词组
  take it easy  不要着急;慢慢来       take note of     注意
  take notes   作笔记,记笔记        take notice of   理会;注意
  take off one’s hat to 佩服;敬重  
  take on 接受,从事(工作);雇用;上车,接受乘客
  take one’s time 慢慢来,从容不迫     tat   取出,使退色;领取
  take over     接替(职务);接管     take part in   参加,参与
  take pity on(upon)  可怜,怜悯     take place     发生,举行
  take (a) pride in 为..感到自豪(骄傲)
  take sth. lying down 甘心忍受(而不反抗)
  take the chair  担任主席             take the place of 代替、取代
  take sides ( in ) 站在….一边               table to do sth. 不辞劳苦的做take to sth.  喜欢;养成某种爱好       take to doing sth.
  tarns to do sth. 轮流做...     tarns (at) doing sth. 
  tap  开始学习(课程),选修;从事;向...提出;占用(时间);占掉(空间)
  take in 接受(房客,客人等),留宿;理解,明白;包括,涉及;(把衣服)改小,改瘦;订阅
  take off    脱下(衣,帽等);起飞;匆匆离开;休假,请假;取消 
  think to do sth. 打算做...; 想到,预料think that...  想到,预料
  thint    想, 考虑    thind = (out / loud ) 把想的事情说出来
  think back (to)  回忆           think highly(well, much...) of  赞扬...
  think little (badly, nothing) of  认为...不好(评价不高)
  think of    想到,想起            think of...as...     以为,认为
  thint   想出           think over       仔细考虑
  What do you thint (of)...? 对...觉得怎么样?
  (3)bring  与take相反       
  bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb.  拿来,带来,送来
  bring about  vt.          引起,突现,造成
  bring in       引进、引来、吸收
  bring back               归还,带回来
  bring back to life (health) 使复生,使恢复健康
  bring out   显示出来,表现出来,讲清楚;出版;生产;提出  
  bring on      使...前进
  bring up             提出; 抚育大,教养
  bring down      1. 降低    2.  使...倒下
  break away    突然逃掉或离开;断绝往来;改掉(习惯);破除(旧做法)
  break away from   脱离...
  break down     (身体)垮了;(谈话)中断;(机器)坏了;压倒,克服
  break forth    突然(迸出)   break in         突然进入,非法进入;插嘴,打岔
  break into     破门而入;突然,一下子...;打扰,打断
  breat  爆发;突然(大声地)vt.    break off  vt. 打断,折断; 中断,断绝(关系)
  breagh         突破,打通
  break up             分散,折散;分解;腐蚀    break  the rule  违反规定
  keep sth. 保持,保留,留下,保留
  link.v.  保持,继续 keep + adj. / adv.   keep + 介词短语     keep sb. (sth.) + 分词
  keep sb. (sth.) + adj. / adv.                keep sb. (sth.) + 介词短语
  keep a close watch on  密切注视      keep a diary      记日记
  keep a record           作记录 keep an eye on     瞧着点, 照看
  keep doing sth.     老是做... keep on doing sth.     老是不断做...
  keep body and soul together 维持生命 keep ...from...   阻止...做...
  keep back        忍住, 留下 keep fit                  保持健康
  keep in touch with        与…保持联系 keep on  ( doing sth. )    继续(做某事)
  keep one’s word    守信   keep ...in mind    记住
  keep silence     保持安静,保持沉默 p保持,继续(做..) 
  p with 跟上
  get sth.  得到,收到;买;找
  link.v. 变得  get + adj.  get +  done/hurt/burnt/paid
  get to do know ,realize, understand 逐渐      
  get up 起床,举办,组织;打扮,装饰,化妆;记熟 
  get sb. to do sth.    使...做... 
  get sth. + p.p. 请别人做某事;使某事完成
  get sth. + adj.              
  get to do sth. = have to do sth.
  get away from 离开,走开;逃走,跑掉,躲开  
  get married 结婚
  get back  回来;放回去;要回来;恢复    
  get by  (走)过去,通过,过下去
  get close to 接近                      
  get down 下来;去下来,吃下去;跪下来;写下来
  get down to sth.   开始认真干...  
  get hold of 抓住,找到
  get in 收庄稼    
  all by oneself 独立,单独                above all 首先,特别是,最重要的是
  after all 到底,毕竟                       first of all 首先
  in all 总共                               most of all 最最
  all at once 突然,同时,马上                   all of a sudden 突然
  all over (the world) 遍及(全世界)          all right 好吧,行,情况不错
  all sorts of 各种各样的                     all kinds of 各种各样的
  all (just) the same 尽管如此,仍旧(照样)   all the year round 一年到头
  all the way 从远处;自始至终           all the while = all the time = always始终
  AS(conj., adv.& pron.)
  as…as…与….一样                    as a matter of fact 事实上
  as a rule 通常                        as a result 结果
  as a whole 总的来说                  as if(as though) 好象
  as follows 如下                      as for 就….而言
  as(so) long as 只要                   as soon as 一…就…
  as soon as possible 尽快               as usual 象往常一样
  as well 也,还                      as well as 同。。。。。。一样
  might(may) as well 不妨              so as to 以便
  At (prep.)
  at a time 一次,每次                 at breakfast 早餐时,正在吃早饭
  at first 最初at home 在家             at last最后,终于
  at least 至少                        at (the) most至多不超过
  at one time 以前,曾经               at once 立刻,马上                
  at night 在夜里,在晚上              at midnight 在半夜
  at present 目前,现在                at times =from time to time  =once in a while 有时候    
  at sea  在大海上,在航行            at one’s own expense 自费
  at sb’s service 听侯某人的吩咐        at table  在进餐
  at the table  在桌旁                  at the bottom 在底端  
  at the end (of) 最后,尽头             at the latest 最迟          
  at the mercy of 在……的支配下        at the head of 在……的前头
  at the moment 此刻                  at the same time 同时
  at work 在工作                     laugh at 嘲笑 throw at向……扔去
  come / run / jump at  扑向…          work hard at 努力工作(学习)
  By (prep.)
  by accident偶然地                     by air(sea, bus…)乘飞机(乘船,乘车……)
  by chance = by accident 碰巧,偶然地    by day(night) 在白天(夜晚)
  day by day 一天天地                   by and by 不久
  by far得多,最最                     learn (know)…by heart 记熟,背诵
  by mistake 错误地,由于疏忽所致      by all means=by any means无论如何,以任何手段
  by oneself 独自地                     one by one 一个一个地
  by the way 顺便说(问)               by way of …途径…
  by turns 轮流                         side by side 肩并肩,并排,一起
  by the side of 在……附近
  Break (v.)
  break away from 摆(逃)脱,脱离,破除
  break down (机器、车辆等)坏了,(身体)垮了,中断,压倒,分解
  break forth  迸发,突然                  break in 强行进入,插嘴,打岔,使习惯
  break into破门而入,打断,占用          break into tears / laughter 突然大哭 / 大笑
  break off突然停止(中断),打断,折断   breat爆发,突然发生
  breagh 突破,打破                 break up分解,驱散,停课,腐蚀,散会,
  break the ice = break silence打破沉默/僵局   break the law / rules 违反法律/规则
  break a promise 违背诺言                 break a record 打破纪录
  Bring (v.)
  bring about 引起= cause,实现,使发生      bring down 使倒下,使下降,击落,推翻
  bring forth 引起,使产生  bring in 收(庄稼),提出,(使)得到(收入),引入,增加,
  bring on 使发生,引起                    bring out 说明,阐明,出版
  bring to an end 结束                       bring up抚养,培养,呕吐,提出
  call at (a place) 访问(某地)               call back 回电话

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