1.abandon v.（不顾责任、义务等）抛弃，遗弃; 不得已而中途放弃；～oneself to sth.陷入（某种情感）
He claimed that his parents had abandoned him. 他声称父母遗弃了他。
The authorities have abandoned any attempt to distribute food. 当局中止了分发食物的尝试。
We are scared to abandon ourselves to our feelings in case we seem weat of control.
He is absorbed in the calculation of that difficult maths problem.他全神贯注地在算那道数学难题。
The banld be forced to absorb large losses. 银行将被迫承受巨大的损失。
It absorbed vast amounts of capital that could have been used for investment.
Refined sugars are absorbed into the bloodstream very quickly. 精制糖迅速吸收进血液中。
3.accept vt. 接受
It is widely accepted that environment exerts a profound influence on one's personality.
4.accomplish v. 达到(目的)，完成 (任务)，实现(计划)
He is a man who will spoil rather than accomplish things. 他这个人成事不足，坏事有余。
5.account n. 帐目；帐户；记述, 报告；理由，解释
Please charge these to my account. 请把这些记在我的帐上。
He gave a detailed account of what happened on that night.他详细描述了那个夜晚所发生的事。
I had two accounts with Bank of China, a savings account and a current account.
Give an account of your behavior. 说说你那样做的理由。
on account of 因为 take sth. into account 考虑到 on no account 绝不
vt. 认为； 把…视作 The event was accounted a success. 人们认为这次活动是成功的。
account for说明（原因、理由等）； 导致，引起； （在数量、比例上）占； 对…负责
How do you account for your long absence from classes without asking for leave? 你如何解释你不请假而长期缺课的行为。
Too much rain accounted for the poor crop. 太多的雨水导致庄稼歉收。
These products, in total, account for about 8％ of all our sales.这些产品总共约占我们全部销售额的8%。
Who will have to account for the misprints in the dictionary? 谁必须对字典中的印刷错误负责?
6.accuse v. 指责;指控
Her assistant was accused of theft and fraud(盗窃和诈骗)by the police.
7.accustom vt. 使习惯 accustom oneself/sb. to (doing) sth. accustomed adj. 习惯于；惯常的
No one wishes to deal with a person who is accustomed to breaking his word. 谁也不愿意与惯于食言的人打交道。
8.ache vi. 痛，疼痛；～ for渴望 n. (身体某部位持续且较强烈的)疼痛
9.achieve vt. (经努力)达到，取得 achieve success achievement n.
10.acknowledge v. 承认(事实、局面等)，公认; 告知收到；（公开）感谢；(点头、微笑等）致意
With so much evidence against him he had to acknowledge his error.承认错误
He acknowledged the applause with a small bow. 他微微地鞠了一躬表示对掌声的感谢。
He saw her but refused to even acknowledge her. 他看见了她，却连招呼也不打。
The firm sent me a postcard acknowledging my request. 公司寄给我一张明信片告知我的申请书已收到。
11.acquire v.获得；购得; 学到 acquisition n.
He has acquired a reputation as the country's premier solo violinist.他已赢得了首席小提琴独奏家的名誉
We should try to acquire good habits. 我们应该努力养成良好的习惯。
She was sitting in her newly-acquired wheelchair. 她正坐在新买的轮椅上。
12.act n. 行为, 行动；法案；(戏剧、歌剧等的)一幕；假装
It is an act of kindness to help a blind man across the street. 帮助盲人过街是慈善的行为。