高考全国卷英语应用文写作讲解

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  • 更新时间: 2016/12/19 22:25:16
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约22970字。

  书信作文
  格式例文:
  [书信作文写作模版1]
  1. 保持书信格式---地址,日期,称谓,落款
  2. 根据内容确定文体----建议,劝说,说明,申请,投诉,介绍;商榷/讨论;  描绘/叙述;致谢,致歉…
  3. 牢记常用模版和句式
  [寄信人地址,写信时间] →     Lun Rinding                                          
  Department of Computer                                                      Changwei College
  Weifang, Shandong 261000
  China
  April 1, 2015
  [正式信函收信人姓名,地址]
  Mr. Brain Smith,
  Admissions Office,
  Stanford University,
  Stanford, Calif. 94305
  U.S.A.
  Dear Sir/Madam/Mr. Smith, [称谓]
  Professor Shirley Sanderson of your university said when she was visiting our college that Stanford might be able to provide scholarships for a limited number of students from China to pursue postgraduate studies there next term. Since I expect to receive my bachelor's degree in June, I would appreciate being considered a candidate. [第一段:引入/说明写信原委;或叙前谊]
  As you will notice from the enclosed data sheet, I am especially interested in computer science. You might like to know that during the past year I took all my elective courses in this field and wrote my thesis on traffic free city centers with computers. My knowledge and practical command of English is adequate. I've passed TOEFL and GRE with flying colors. [第二段:此段为信的主体,提出有关建议,劝说,说明,申请,投诉,介绍;商榷/讨论;描绘/叙述;致谢,致歉等等]
  I would be grateful if you could give me a favorable consideration of my application for a scholarship. [第三段:此段表达愿望/希冀,进一步要求,祝愿…]
  I look forward to hearing from you. [结束语]
  Very truly yours,[礼貌落款]
  Lun Rinding [签名]
  [书信作文模板2]
  第一段:[引入/说明写信原委]
  *I’m writing in response to… (your advertisement of Oct.27 in China Daily/your suggestion/letter…)
  *I’m writing at the suggestion of a friend who…
  *I’m writing to offer my opinions on…/to apologize for…/complain about…/apply for…/recommend to
  *I would like to apply for...(a job/a position in your corporation)
  *I’m interested in…
  *I’m very glad/pleased to know that…
  *Knowing that…,
  第二段:As/Since/When…, (you…), I’m afraid that…/ I think that…/My suggestion is…Firstly,Secondly,Thirdly. [此段为信的主体,有关建议,劝说,说明,申请,投诉,介绍;商榷/讨论;描绘/叙述;致谢,致歉…须以“我”的口吻表述,因此应多用 “I’m afraid, I would like to, I was pleased, I shall be glad, I expect, I wonder, I hope, I propose/advise/suggest/want, I enjoy, I guess/believe, …”之类的用语,或用些被动句式如: “We/You are(It’s )supposed/assumed that…”, 另一常用代词是写信对象 “you” : As you will notice/find, As you know, ...]
  第三段:*I’m looking forward to your early reply / learning from you / your comments at your earliest convenience.
  *Would you please let me know whether or not you would be willing to…I can be reached by phone/e-mail at65883879/siji123@sohu.com
  *I would be grateful if you could give me a favorable consideration of my application for a scholarship/ M.A. degree /the job…
  *I hope you will /I shall appreciate it if you could give my application due consideration/consider….
  *Please let me know if you need any further information.
  *I enclose…(certificates in duplicates) / Enclosed are my resume and two reference letters…/documents..
  *With my best/kind regards/wishes to you. /With love
  书信作文十大类型
  1.投诉信(抱怨信)(Letter of Complaint)
  (1) 写作方法
  ①首段:注意客观礼貌
  a. 自我介绍;
  b. 引出投诉内容
  c. 表明目的要求。
  ② 主体:展开说明投诉原因、具体理由或后果,注意内容充实,符合交际习惯。
  a. 详细说明情况,中肯提出问题;
  b. 提出改进建议,表明希望如何解决;
  c. 拓展题目内容,尤其要强调问题不解决所带来的后果。
  ③ 尾段:提出解决方案,不用展开,注意公平公正、礼貌原则。
  a. 表达强烈愿望,希望上述问题得到迅速恰当的解决;
  b. 有时可就问题的解决限定时间;
  c. 对有关人员的努力表示感谢;
  d. 希望尽快得到满意答复。
  (2) 写作流程图

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